I am curious what is the current industry standard for delivery of online course materials. I have in mind coursework which traditionally has been graded on the basis of in-class residential tests which are closed-book and timed. For example, Physics, Chemistry, Calculus, Economics, Biology at the university level. When we offer these same courses online then:
Is there an expectation of proctoring of exams.
Proctoring generally meaning that either the student goes to a testing center where they are monitored by a service with no conflicting interest. Or, perhaps a webcam service where video is recorded to check if the student is:
1.) who they claim to be,
2.) actually doing the work on the test without using cheat sites.
Thanks in advance for your insights. I am particularly interested in scholarly articles, but anecdotal evidence is also useful.