In a reading exam, we have a passage and questions are asked about the passage. They can be open questions, multiple choice questions, concept-check questions, and so on.
In a vocabulary exam, different questions can be asked: for example, a set of words could be given to fill the gaps of a set of sentences.
Different strategies can be applied here: for example, the number of given words could exceed the number of sentences - that is, "distractors" could be added, and the quantity and nature of such distractors could be further discussed.
In a grammar exam, the question could be productive or multiple choice; again, several options are available and each would have the purpose of highlighting some problematic aspect of language acquisition.
What literature deals with this? Any suggestion will be highly appreciated. Something along the lines of what this IELTS examiner explains about T/F/NG questions in the test: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AcC7CzmHCNM