How do you address a Dr. des. (Doctor designatus), for example in e-mails?

  • Dr. John Doe
  • Dr. des. John Doe
  • John Doe
  • …?

1 Answer 1


While the formal title is Dr. des., there are good reasons to simply use the form of address you would use to a “final” doctor: the title is only temporary, and the person will eventually have the title or Dr.; moreover, PhD candidates having freshly attained their goal will probably enjoy you using it.

For those who wonder what Dr. des. is, it's a temporary title, like US presidents are “president elect”:

Following a successful defence, the title of Doctor designatus (Dr. des.) may be used until the doctoral degree is gained.


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