I received a 4/6 (59%) for my GRE analytical writing score. I would have scored higher had it not been for the fact that I type on an alternate keyboard layout (i.e. not QWERTY) and had to use QWERTY to type the essays. Before taking the test, I looked into getting approved to use my alternate layout, but it seemed like a good amount of time and paperwork would be involved, so I didn't go through with it.

Should I mention this in my graduate applications? For reference, this is for application to United States PhD programs in physics. My GRE verbal / quantitative scores and GRE subject test scores are all much better (>90%).

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    Some more information will be helpful in context. Are you applying in the humanities or in STEM? Are you a domestic or international applicant? A native English speaker or is it a second language?
    – aeismail
    Dec 3, 2018 at 1:29
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    Do you use a keyboard other than QWERTY for any reason other than comfort? Dec 3, 2018 at 1:38
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    @aeismail physics, domestic, native speaker
    – jacob
    Dec 3, 2018 at 1:41
  • @AzorAhai no reason other than comfort.
    – jacob
    Dec 3, 2018 at 1:41
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    A more important question would be do you need to submit GRE scores? Many programs this cycle are making them optional.
    – Daveguy
    Nov 2, 2021 at 21:40

2 Answers 2


Should I mention this in my graduate applications?

It is good that you are showing the initiative to seek advice on your application, so please take my criticism of your proposal in the positive spirit in which it is intended. As a general rule, it is not likely to look good for you if you are already volunteering contextual reasons for underperformance (a.k.a. making excuses) before you have even set foot in the program. Through their teaching duties, academics have experience with certain students who consistently underperform, and offer excuses in lieu of improvement. As a result, this type of comment excusing your low performance on that element of the test is likely to be seen as a "red flag".

There are some instances where universities ask people to put lower performance into context, such as when they ask about successes "relative to opportunity". In this context you are invited to raise disadvantages that have constrained your performance, though they are still expected to be substantial issues, not trivial ones. It is usually not a good idea to raise contextual issues unless prompted to do so, and it can give the impression that you are more interested in explaining-away bad results than doing what is needed to get good results.

... I looked into getting approved to use my alternate layout, but it seemed like a good amount of time and paperwork would be involved, so I didn't go through with it.

Unfortunately this makes it a lot worse. The fact that it is possible to put in some administrative effort to get the resources you needed, and you chose not to do this, is more likely to raise a negative inference than a positive one. If there were follow-up questions on this, and it came to light that you eschewed administrative work that was needed to get resources you needed to do good work, that would be seen as a serious negative, and could sink your application. PhD candidates are expected to be able to jump through administrative hoops to progress their work, and anything that indicates resistance to this in the application stage is going to hurt you. Even without that worst-case scenario, mentioning the issue is likely to focus attention on your low score, rather than focussing attention on the strengths of your application.

If you are not happy with your GRE score, you should consider re-sitting the test. If you need a particular piece of equipment to do this effectively, then do the administrative work required to get that. Good luck.

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    I'm skeptical that OP could actually have received approval to use an alternate keyboard layout, even with "time and paperwork". The general policy of ETS seems to be that accommodations of any sort are only granted when the student has a documented disability, and OP stated above that his only reason for preferring the alternate layout is "comfort", which I assume means he doesn't have a disability that the layout accommodates. So unless "time and paperwork" is a euphemism for "phony diagnosis", I don't see how he had any chance of getting his preferred layout. Dec 3, 2018 at 3:54
  • Well, the OP's description is that he didn't go through with it, so I'm assuming there was something to go through with!
    – Ben
    Dec 3, 2018 at 4:09

I don’t think you need or should mention it.

First of all, 4/6 is not a bad score, even for a PhD application. Moreover, Writing is probably the least important section of the GRE test, at least for a physics major.

Second, the professors who review your application would expect to see other more meaningful indicators of your research potential, and thus, explaining why you don’t have a higher score will make you look petty. In fact, try not to talk about your Writing score because the reviewers might not care about it at all, unless you mention it.

After all, the rule of thumb is to focus on the strength of your application instead of explaining the weaknesses.

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