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The Australian government pays for the research study fees.

Who will, in such case, have the intellectual property rights for the research: the PhD student or the university?

2 Answers 2

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Laws vary and I am neither a lawyer nor Australian. But in general, unless the grant or university rules say otherwise, things you create are (or at least should be) your own. Some universities try to make a claim (various places in the world) and you may have signed away some of your rights previously, but in the absence of that the IP is yours.

Check locally for the correct answer, of course. If the rules seem arbitrary or unfair, you can explore, locally, what it would take to counter them.

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    I agree. I'll add: any "sign[ing] away" most likely appears in your employment contract, so check that. Also, "rules" is perhaps a bit vague, "law, contract, or similar," is perhaps more appropriate.
    – user2768
    Commented Sep 26, 2018 at 14:22
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    Although I don't want to get bogged down in the legal details here, I take a bit of exception to "unless the grant or university rules say otherwise": grant or university rules often say otherwise, and in my experience always say otherwise.
    – Bryan Krause
    Commented Sep 26, 2018 at 16:13
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    To add to what @BryanKrause (correctly) said, it’s also the law in the United States, and possibly elsewhere, that the rights to any work for hire is owned by the employer. So Buffy, your statement is factually dubious. Even when the grant and university rules say nothing, your work may be owned by your employer as a default legal status. I am not a lawyer btw.
    – Dan Romik
    Commented Sep 26, 2018 at 20:35
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    @Buffy At least in the US, grants are almost always to the institution, not the individual (not even the PI). The only exception I am aware of are fellowships that are treated as scholarships. Everyone else is employed as an agent of the institution to work on the grant. I also don't know the details of funding in Australia.
    – Bryan Krause
    Commented Sep 26, 2018 at 20:48
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    Universities could legally argue that faculty papers are their property. They don’t do it because of tradition, not because they lack the legal right. They do in fact regularly exercise that legal ownership right with respect to patents on faculty inventions. Again, I don’t know the answer to OP’s question, which is why I’m not posting an answer, but I do know that your answer includes a statement that is unhelpful at best and outright misleading at worst.
    – Dan Romik
    Commented Sep 26, 2018 at 23:54
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As with most things when it comes to the question of intellectual property (IP) ownership, the question to ask is: Who is paying you to do the work?

If it's a general PhD stipend scholarship from the government then the default position is that the student owns all the IP and the project is classified as a "Student Project". Some government contracts may have a clause which stipulates that, if challenged (i.e. in a court), then the government provider will have the final say on IP ownership, however this is extraordinarily rare. In the case of a Australian government scholarship, I believe you can be assured that you own the IP as a student.

If your stipend is funded by an external company or cooperative research centre (CRC), chances are your PhD project is classified differently. As examples, the university may declare your project is a "University Project" or "External Project" as opposed to a "Student Project"; this is usually declared in the fine print for your Milestone 1 position or Intellectual Property student deed poll which either the university or the external will want you to sign. Once you have signed that document the default position most likely is that the external company owns all the IP. You may have partial ownership or some sort of inventor rights but, at this point, your IP "default position" is more akin to that of an employee (i.e. where the paying employer owns all IP) than a student despite the substantial pay difference.

(My experience here is as an Australian PhD student here who paid $X,XXXs for an IP lawyer after my external company gave me quite a colourful IP deed poll to sign which needed some amending...)

As a bonus tip of advice, make sure to READ the IP deed poll (most academics, staff and students very foolishly don't and sign away a LOT of their own power and hard work). Check also for clauses on Background IP, as you may not even be allowed to sign background IP which you're claiming is yours but legally isn't (i.e. if you've come from another university or company and are using their IP).

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