I am aware of a case that is a bit similar to what you need and participated as an external reviewer of the dissertation. The advisor was in UK, along with the committee. The student was in the US. However, the communication wasn't all electronic. The student travelled fairly frequently to UK and the main advisor and the student would meet fairly frequently at conferences both in US and Europe.
Many things can be done remotely, but discussions are really hard to carry out that way, being less spontaneous. It is harder to "brainstorm" with a delay and not being able to see facial expressions/body language.
I don't believe that it was a normal practice for the university, hence they consulted with me as an external expert. But I thought everything went well.
So, my suggestion is to suggest it to some potential advisor but be prepared to spend a fair amount of money and time on travel. A week end on the other side of an ocean is now possible, if tiring.
But it is good if you can get at least some local help and advice, even if it is on peripheral things that would be easy to get done for a residential student.
If you are seeking a degree, however, you will need to deal, potentially, with other requirements such as coursework and qualifying exams. Some of that may be locally available in an acceptable way, but likely not all of it.
But the case I mentioned was theoretical work, not involving laboratories. If you need to perform experiments in lab it would be a lot harder, of course, due to the likely lack of a suitable setup. Being told that "the cauldron bubbled green stuff" isn't the same as seeing it happen, I'd guess.