I am writing my bachelor thesis and want to cite the ISO C++ standard. However I am unable to get my hands on a copy of the standard, since the library does not have a physical or digital copy. I do get the information I need from the working drafts, and there isn’t much of a change in the chapters I need.

Citing ISO 14882:2014 would be my preferred solution, but since I don’t have the document, should I cite a late working draft of the 2014 standard or even the current working draft?

  • 3
    Have you asked a librarian about access to it? Aug 10, 2018 at 12:05
  • Not yet, but this is a good idea.
    – OutOfBound
    Aug 10, 2018 at 12:17
  • 1
    Have you looked here? iso.org/standard/64029.html
    – Buffy
    Aug 10, 2018 at 12:49
  • 2
    @Buffy you can't get a copy on the iso site. At least not under $300.
    – OutOfBound
    Aug 10, 2018 at 13:04
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    Librarians can get a copy of nearly anything via inter library loan. They can probably find it at a good technical university library, for example. Or even, possibly, the Library of Congress.
    – Buffy
    Aug 10, 2018 at 13:15

2 Answers 2


It sounds like you're at a stage where it is somewhere between important and crucial for your project to have access to the actual standard: if the information you want to cite is in the standard, then that's the core document to cite, and if it didn't make it to the final version, then you may want to revise the text around the citation or even the research or code itself.

ISO standards are indeed not the easiest documents to get ahold of, but that's what libraries and librarians are for. Approach your institution's librarian and tell them that you need access to a document that's not in the library, and they will get it for you (that's their job!) either by purchasing the document for the library, if they consider it a good investment, or via inter-library loan. This can be a lengthy process, so you should approach them as soon as possible, but the upside is that if the standard's text does not change from the draft then all you need is a look at the full standard before you submit, to confirm that your provisional citation is appropriate.

In any case, even if you do get access to the full standard before you submit, I would encourage you to think of readers in your situation, who might have a hard time getting the standard, and I would thus recommend that you cite both the full standard and the working draft:

  • give the full standard as the main citation, but also
  • state that the same information is available in a working draft, and give it a separate citation that includes precise information on where it can be obtained.

As to how you actually cite it, that'll depend on the style guide you're following, but you can start with the format in this answer.

If you can't get a copy of the final standard, then it may or may not be appropriate to cite it as-is; for more on that, see Is it unethical to cite a paper or book that you have never looked at?. In that situation, it basically becomes a judgement call between the chance that the information won't be in the document you're citing versus the awkwardness of citing a working draft of a document that's since been Published, and we can't make that call for you.


As people have said in the comments, you should ask your librarian if they can help you obtain the standard.

If they can't, then you should cite the version that you used.

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