Do I still have the possibility of a career in Academia? Can publishing merit (Qualitative and Quantitative) save me?
It will probably have very little effect. Most jobs / grants / fellowships / etc that are time-limited for early career researchers,
- Are based on time since submission or graduation, and pay no attention to when you started;
- Allow you to argue for longer if there has been documented sickness (as well as maternity, and some other things)
The time taken might raise eyebrows on a CV, and if you are worried about not getting as far as interviews because of it you could consider mentioning in covering letters, but "I took longer because I was ill. Now I'm better" is a perfectly reasonable explanation that no sensible person will hold against you. (if you can't say "Now I'm better", that may unfortunately be a different matter)