P, a postdoc applicant, lists 3 referees (A, B and C) on her strong application.
- A knows P's work best and gives a mixed (guarded) assessment.
- B knows P's work moderately well and gives a great assessment.
- C knows P's work least and gives a great assessment.
- S and T, a recent supervisor and a recent employer, are not listed as referees.
Can the recruiter contact S and T for further feedback? On the one hand, they are not listed as referees, but on the other hand, the applicant has not requested not to contact these people.