I'm the process of paper drafting and stumbled upon the question, what's the appropriate name for individuals, who are affected by a disease, which is likely due to a mutation.
I was using the term "carriers" until now (like in: group one constists out of mutational carriers, group two is a control group).
Now I've read that the word "carrier" is just short for hereditary carrier (Wikipedia: has inherited a recessive allele for a genetic trait or mutation but does not display that trait)
So how do I refer to patients that are affected by the mutation. I've thought about "patients", but the control group consists out of patients, too.
Is there a correct word for this?