I have looked everywhere for an answer to this question. I don't often use APA format. In Chicago, when referencing in-text an annual report over a span of years, one simply types: (Smith, multiple years). I'm referencing an economic report, published annually, to analyse performance over a span of six years. Must I create a separate reference for each year, or may I do the same as in Chicago?
Best guess is the reference will look like:
Smith, J. (2002-2016) Annual Report
Smith, J. (Multiple years) Annual Report

  • If it is not in the most updated APA Style Guide, I would consult whoever is reviewing your work, because APA can change so much that sometimes you will get different answers regarding format, depending who you ask. – theoreticool Oct 8 '18 at 5:18

If it is a report / essay for your University check with them, if it is a paper for a journal, again, check with them. They may even have information on their site.


I use a lot of citations. I would probably cite and allow for multiple years as long as the citation hasn't dramatically changed over those years (like a climate survey -- the trend would be the same). It may also be useful to pull a specific quote/note from the most recent source (cited specifically by its year) to further illustrate your point, but I don't think it's needed unless that's the basis for your additional work.


I would show the range. I am kind of a nit at trying to follow format. But then there are times when you have something not covered by the book. I find if you are doing all the regular ones perfectly that the editors allow you some freedom to freestyle when you have something not covered. At the end of the day people want to be able to find things from your citation.

Again, don't make the regular ones a mess or freestyle those. But when something is not 100% covered, just decide you are the grownup and write it the way you want.

Your Answer

By clicking "Post Your Answer", you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.