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A month ago, I submitted a paper to a prestigious journal. In that paper, we proposed a general method (method A), and we proposed a set of methods for doing some work based on this method A. I now have to work on another paper, which relies on method A, which I will be submitting to a less prestigious journal. Since I need this paper to graduate (I am a PhD student), I can't wait for the first one to be accepted before submitting the second one.

I didn't find any policy regarding referencing a submitted paper in the second journal (from Elsevier).

Is it a good idea to very briefly describe the method A in the second journal paper and also reference it as a submitted paper? Method A has some proofs which I will not restate in the second paper.

This way, the reviewers will be able to do their work. Note that it is very important that I don't want to hurt the chance of acceptance of the first paper or my reputation in any way.

In other words, how can I describe a result from a submitted paper so that the reviewers can do their work?

What would you suggest for someone like me who has to submit another paper (for faster graduation) in this situation?

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    Is the preprint of the first paper available publicly? – Nate Eldredge Feb 13 '18 at 3:43
  • Unfortunately, no. – user85361 Feb 13 '18 at 5:07
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When submitting a paper, you are normally able to provide attachments for consideration by the reviewers. You can include a draft of the submitted manuscript as a reference for the readers.

However, if you're in mathematics or another field which encourages preprints, you should in principle be able to post the paper on a repository like arXiv and point the reviewers to the repository version while the paper is under consideration. If the paper is accepted and appears in print before the new paper is accepted, you can change the reference in the proof stage.

What you can get away with depends upon the editorial policies of the journal. Some journals require you to provide copies of any material that is unpublished (such as correspondences with other researchers or unpublished manuscripts). Other journals will let you get away with less. But in general, you need to show some sort of evidence that the work is under consideration. Perhaps an email confirmaing submission, plus the abstract, will suffice?

  • Unfortunately, I am not in mathematics. I think the first journal will not accept the paper if it submitted to Arxiv. Also, my supervisor has opposed the idea to include a draft of the submitted paper. – user85361 Feb 13 '18 at 9:42
  • Can't I describe the method A, just as any other paper, describe it to use it? – user85361 Feb 13 '18 at 9:43
  • I don't know what field you are in, but I'm pretty sure if it is any science you will be able to pre-print. All physics and biology journal will now accept papers already on preprint servers. In fact several high profile journals now run there own preprint servers. – Ian Sudbery Feb 13 '18 at 10:00
  • @IanSudbery: It’s still in flux. As recently as six months ago the American Chemical Society finally changed its policies to allow reprints. – aeismail Feb 13 '18 at 15:08
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The correct answer really is aeismail's. But if your supervisor really won't let you preprint or submit a draft as a confidential attachment you should describe the method in detail in your methods section and reference it (manuscript in preparation) or (manuscript under review) and hope the reviewers don't pick you up on it. You might find they say that this is not good enough, but give you the opportunity to make it better, at which point the other paper might have passed review and you can reference it properly.

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