I have read and been told that research is the single most important factor for applying for PhD programs in STEM fields. But, I also hear that GPA and GRE scores are the first cutting point for adcoms.

What is actually more important, grades or research? Will committees look at applicants with low GPAs?

In my scenario, I have a ~3.4 GPA overall, ~3.7 in Major (CS). This is not stellar. But what I do have is 1 first-author conference publication (Best Paper Award at conference) and 1 first-author journal publication as a Junior, with more other work/papers in progress. And my GREs are 158V/170Q/4.5W.

I'm very interested in top schools, but I'm worried my GPA will hold me back.

Will admissions throw away my application at sight of my GPA? Or will they take the time to review my whole application?

  • 11
    Research, research, research, recommendation letters, research, baked beans, and research. Your GPA is fine, and nobody will care about your GRE.
    – JeffE
    May 30, 2013 at 13:58
  • 3
    I can't imagine this isn't a duplicate of something already asked and answered.
    – Suresh
    May 30, 2013 at 17:27
  • 2
    That is quite amazing and you should hopefully not have too much trouble getting into the graduate school of your choice (did you, by the way?) Out of curiosity, what led to your 3.4 GPA? It's not a bad GPA, I'm just curious as to how someone with your amazing kind of aptitude got a 3.4 GPA. I had little trouble making the high GPA, but any kind of success in research still eluded me for a long time.
    – user12658
    Mar 5, 2014 at 6:39
  • You should either top your class or have research experience that lead to a publication. Or that's what I have witnessed in cs.
    – Prospects
    Mar 5, 2014 at 9:47

3 Answers 3


Graduate admissions committees should, in principle, be able to review all of the applications they receive in full; this is not like undergraduate admissions, where a small team may be responsible for 10,000 or 20,000 applications. That said, some of the larger graduate departments may receive several hundred applications per year, and it may be necessary to do a preliminary screening before deciding which applications will be examined in further detail. However, what gets through such a screen can vary strongly from school to school and department to department. For instance, if you're at a school whose alumni regularly go on to graduate schools and have a track record of success, that can also be a "plus" factor. If you're near the top of your class, that can also mitigate "weak" grades somewhat (because it indicates that your school resists grade inflation).

I would hope that graduate admissions flag applications with publications listed, but it depends on whether or not the database reports that summarize applications actually can do a screen for the presence of publications.

Your specific case, however, is unfortunately in the "no man's land"—not a clear "read no matter what," but also not an automatic "throw away," either. It is probable that you will have a tough time if you look only at "top 5" or "top 10" departments, but you should be able to get considered by many good programs.

  • 14
    Are you joking? A best paper award at a good conference is enough to land a good postdoc in CS. This is not just a "read no matter what", but a likely "admit no matter what".
    – JeffE
    May 30, 2013 at 14:01
  • If a top school is using a screen of GPA and GRE, this person might have a hard time. If they read the full application, then yes, it's a likely admit.
    – aeismail
    May 30, 2013 at 20:28
  • 6
    I'm on the admissions committee of a top-5 CS department.
    – JeffE
    May 30, 2013 at 23:32
  • Thank you, aeismail and JeffE! Your discussion/comments have cleared a lot up for me. And JeffE, it's great to hear someone's opinion who is on the other side of the application process!
    – HJM
    May 31, 2013 at 4:21

Your grades aren't stellar, but are good enough, alongside your strong GRE scores, to make the "first cut." (One of my own graduate advisers told me that it gets worrisome below 3.3, but you've cleared that hurdle.)

Your publication record is outstanding and ought to get you in during the later screening.

This is a case of one area being very strong and the other, "not too bad."


What is actually more important, grades or research?

As JeffE said, research experience is most important. This is because it directly relates to the responsibilities of a PhD student.

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