There are lots of journals that only publish online. However they are indexed by scopus and ISI so they are unlikely to be predatory journals. Are they safe? What are the chances that some hacker erases the journal’s database and all the records of publications are lost?

Surely it’s better to have printed copies of volumes and stuff. At least that way there is always proof that one’s article has been published.

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    What happens if some crazy person burns the journal's repository of paper documents?
    – JAB
    Dec 11, 2017 at 17:16
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    I asked a similar question about [arxiv] (academia.stackexchange.com/questions/47416/…).
    – StrongBad
    Dec 11, 2017 at 17:38
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    There are journals that still publish on paper??
    – JeffE
    Dec 11, 2017 at 18:16
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    Well, one of the endless discussions one can have is backup. - A good backup is offline/regularly detached, or on write only media. If I had to guess, I'd expect some kind of tape storage on which additional information is stored only. If the IT staff are competent, the damage any hacker could do to the actual paper content is pretty much negligible (except possibly for papers currently under review). It would be inconvenient, but not a major issue.
    – DetlevCM
    Dec 11, 2017 at 20:27
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    What's the difference between printed copies of journals in people's offices and copies of pdfs on their hard drives? Surely these days one would be more likely to obtain the second one from others after a catastrophic incident than the first one...
    – nengel
    Dec 12, 2017 at 2:53

3 Answers 3


Any reputable online-only journal will have a plan for data retention that goes beyond what's visible to the user. There will be backups somewhere.

Print journals may have the advantage of having a physical repository copy existing, but even those are not necessarily of "archival quality" (that is, printed on acid-free paper and using techniques that promote their long-term preservation).

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    I would be incredibly shocked if the print journals did not have a digital backup plan strikingly similar to online only journals, and just general "how to survive a nuke" scenarios that most large organizations with data to protect use.
    – corsiKa
    Dec 11, 2017 at 22:01
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    This answer says it all, but I would like to recommend The Keeper's registry, that tells you WHERE the archive (or backup) of a journal are: thekeepers.org
    – Emilie
    Dec 12, 2017 at 13:40

It seems the ArXiv stores its data on Amazon S3 cloud servers. I would assume Amazon has a data safety and backup policy that is as professional as it gets.

Presumably also most journals don't store their data on their own servers, but use one of the large file hosting services.

  • I may be wrong, but it appears to me that Wiley uses Amazon Web Services to serve papers (the URLs seem to suggest that to me).
    – DetlevCM
    Dec 11, 2017 at 20:24

Being online-only is orthogonal to the issue of journal quality. Any new, quality journal will almost always be online-only these days, for economic reasons. Any new or existing predatory journal will generally be online-only, for economic reasons. Probably the best working guide to a journal's quality is "Do I read and cite papers from this journal?"

On the issue of archival security of publications, you should look for explicit statements on the journal web page about that. An open-access journal that takes this issue seriously will have plans that involve archiving content on at least one third-party, independent, and ideally distributed, service. Some other answers here have mentioned technical issues, such as using well-regarded storage services such as Amazon S3. But the quality of such services is not relevant if the company using them goes out of business and no longer pays to maintain the service. Archival security should persist even if the publishing entity itself does not.

For example, many open access journals in the medical field will archive their content with PubMed Central, a service of the US National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health. Until recently, that might have seemed like a gold-standard of stability and security, so additional facilities that are international, collaborative, non-profit, and ideally distributed might provide additional peace of mind. For example, look at the CLOCKSS and LOCKSS initiatives.

An example of an online-only, reputable journal that pays attention to independent archiving is PeerJ. Their page here gives an example of the attention paid to these sorts of policies, which you might compare with when seeking a journal in your field that takes these issues seriously.

Such information is not always prominent on a journal website however. In a comment to another answer, user @Emilie points to a very useful central resource: "the Keeper's registry, that tells you WHERE the archive (or backup) of a journal are: thekeepers.org".

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    Probably the best working guide to a journal's quality is "Do I read and cite papers from this journal?" - Another good indicator: The amount of exclamation marks you get in their mails. They also get your name and title wrong Example: Greetings to you !!! Mr I Ian
    – Ian
    Dec 12, 2017 at 5:37
  • @Ian So that would be a journal you're willing to submit to then, right?
    – sgf
    Dec 12, 2017 at 9:00
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    @sgf Personally, I find the amount of exclamation marks combined with the amount of spaces before punctuation inversely correlated with my willingness to have any kind of contact to that journal.
    – Ian
    Dec 12, 2017 at 9:03

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