Academic writing is intended for a critical and informed audience, based on closely investigated knowledge, and posits ideas or arguments.

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2
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1answer
32 views

Whether to italicise the name of government program in APA style?

I am writing a paper in APA about a government funded program. Do I italicize the name of the program?
-4
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0answers
34 views

A Ph.D summary book [on hold]

What rules I have to follow to create a summary book of my research on microorganism (fungi) for the Ph.D course?
4
votes
3answers
123 views

Aside from working on a manuscript, what activities can help improve scientific writing skills?

I have been out of school for 5 years. My previous writing experience was nearly 10 years ago as I completed a BA in 18th century literature of a foreign language, and a BA in cultural ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

Is it bad form to use the word exciting in a paper, when discussing other people's results?

When writing a paper with a collaborator, they didn't like that I used the word "exciting" in the abstract since they said that they don't like when people use personal personal qualifiers in writing ...
2
votes
2answers
153 views

What is the difference between “introduction” and “motivation” sections

I am working on a paper about a web data extractor (an application, I developed based on a unique approach). In the introduction I had a short review on the history of such applications (from ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Top-down vs Bottom-up approaches in describing an algorithm in a research paper

When writing a (computer science) research paper, I have to describe my method in term in pseudocode. Because of readability and reusability, I want to break my method into smaller pieces. However, I ...
4
votes
4answers
57 views

How to title a report on a project that is not final

I thought about posting this in English.SE, but since it occurs in a university setting, I decided to post here - hopefully it's on-topic. I have been working on a project that is being transitioned ...
4
votes
3answers
162 views

How does one balance between working on a research problem and writing up the results?

I currently have two months before I have to submit my master's thesis (its a one-year program in the UK) and just finished data collection. Analysing the data is a time consuming process and I'm ...
0
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0answers
26 views

In APA style, How should rough financial numbers be written?

If I have approximately five million dollars, should it be written as such? Or is one of the following more appropriate? 5 million dollars $5 million $5,000,000 4.31e stipulates: Use numerals ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

In APA style, what is the appropriate way to differentiate between two organization divisions that both have the word “and” in their names?

I am writing a paper in APA style. I am attempting to list two organization divisions of a library: Information Technology and Technical Services Academic Outreach and Services How do I write ...
1
vote
2answers
153 views

Start the PhD research before taking my masters?

I was thinking about getting my masters in Novmber 2015 or May 2016 (An 18 month masters) but i was wondering if its possible to start my PhD research from now, i have an idea of what my research ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Why do some academic papers have sentence-cased titles?

I noticed that many academic papers that I cited in my thesis have sentence-cased titles, for example, this one "Comparative analysis using K-mer and K-flank patterns provides evidence for CpG island ...
3
votes
1answer
341 views

Trade-off between content and style

I am in the UK and I completed an undergraduate dissertation. In my dissertation I went much higher than my level. All the content in my dissertation was at a masters level and everything was ...
-5
votes
2answers
90 views

Introducing the new writing method [closed]

I invented a new method to assist and semi-automate the writing process. I'm a PhD student. Since I need to add more papers to my CV I decided to teach some of my PhD student colleges the method and ...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

A software for learning common English words and phrases in scientific papers

Is there any English learning software which is particularly designed to enhance writing scientific papers? For example I noticed there are some common patterns, words and structure in papers (e.g. ...
28
votes
5answers
2k views

What are some good books to read in order to improve my academic writing?

So I am going to write my master thesis in psychology. It is expected to be of roughly publishable quality since I am a research master student. I always struggled with writing and am often ...
31
votes
4answers
2k views

How generous should I be with citations?

I am wondering if it is a bad thing to cite a paper in a scientific publication for a trivial or irrelevant reason. The specific instance I have in mind is the usage of certain terminology. I ...
14
votes
6answers
623 views

I'm looking for an application or workflow which integrates data values into the writing process

Currently, on all of my projects, I do my data analysis, create my figures, put them into a word document, and then I start writing. I say things like "We saw a 35% reduction in the effectiveness ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Search for a WYSIWYG, non-latex Online collaborative paper writing Tool

Is there a tool that is WYSIWYG and not latex (in fact any coding) base online (for ease of collaboration) Can write math equation Does line numbering Does equation numbering Google Doc is perfect ...
9
votes
1answer
126 views

What's the ethics of (paid) proof-reading college admission essays?

A friend of mine is looking for undergraduate or graduate students in the US to proof-read college admissions essays from high school students back in my home country. There will be pay, but the ...
2
votes
2answers
178 views

How to write and publish a literature review [closed]

In Computer Science, you find yourself overwhelmed by the huge number of literature available over a certain subject. I searched online on how to proceed and write a literature review (in a way that ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Is it plagiarism/OK if I use big parts of someones literature review for the introduction section of my paper?

The questions says it all. I have an report I want to write. The level expected is slightly lower than that of a master thesis. I do need to write an introduction to the topic and there is a very ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Is it appropriate to discussed a proposed method in the literature review or in methodology chapter?

I need some clarifications on where to put the proposed usability-evaluation method in my thesis. I have tried to improved upon the existing methods and came up with a new one, which will be validated ...
6
votes
5answers
367 views

Thesis writing; bottom up vs. top down

Situation: I’m completing a master’s degree in computer science. Currently, I’m at the final stage and finishing writing my thesis. Usually, similar theses in my institute have the following ...
21
votes
3answers
1k views

Collaborative paper-writing with non-LaTeX-using colleagues

Background: I work in a field where the use of LaTeX is common but still far from universal. So far I have been lucky in that all my coauthors in the past have been fellow LaTeX users, so ...
3
votes
2answers
77 views

Resources/methods to teach how to perform research logically

Can you point me to resources (e.g. book, articles, etc.) or methods on teaching students how to think more logically/systematically about doing research? I've seen a number of intelligent graduate ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Is it appropriate to use active and passive voice together in abstract?

I am writing an abstract for my manuscript (with my mentor), and the abstract includes active and passive voices together, as below: "In the present paper, we have proved theorems dealing with matrix ...
6
votes
3answers
444 views

How to write proper nouns such as company names whose spelling is nonstandard in reports?

I am currently writing a paper on accessibility and I am talking about some companies in my report. How do I write a company name, product or otherwise when the word is not spelled correctly? For ...
11
votes
5answers
994 views

What are we expected to do when citing literature?

Open any research article and it is littered with citations. I’ve recently been wondering what is expected of us when citing the literature: Are we expected to cite every reference relevant to our ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

How to formally report database literature search results?

Years ago, I seen an interesting article that made reference to database search results. The author run a few queries through PubMed and reported on the number of records. This was a neat introduction ...
2
votes
2answers
34 views

APA citation: book versus electronic book

I obtain many of my reading sources from online, instead of form a hardcopy in the library, even for books or book sections. The APA citation requirements for citing printed books and citing e-books ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

How to write research results when some study participants dropped out?

The research (Delphi study) started with NN study participants in Round 1 (gathering demographics). Ten percent of the participants dropped out and did not complete Round 2 or (of course) Round 3. ...
4
votes
5answers
287 views

What is a good system for generating BibTeX reference keys?

When using a reference manager (or even when tracking references on a handwritten draft), it is common to have a key for each entry when referring to items, which the computer (or you in a final form) ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

How to cite sources written in a different language than English?

Assume one wants to cite a paper written in a different language than the article citing said paper (e.g., ones own article is written in English, but the source is French). How to properly handle ...
16
votes
3answers
499 views

How to refer to an author whose last name can be confused with a pronoun?

I am currently writing a research paper and am having an issue referring to an author of a paper whose name is "Dadi He". I know that it is common practice to refer to an author by their last name ...
8
votes
5answers
877 views

Is it acceptable to include footnotes in mathematical proofs?

When writing a technical article that includes mathematical proofs: Is it acceptable to have footnotes within the body of a formal proof (to elaborate/clarify non-essential points) or is the use of ...
20
votes
4answers
2k views

How should you refer to yourself in a paper?

When writing a paper that discusses previous work by the same set of authors, what is the correct way to refer to it? For example, "In 2012 Fred et al. introduced a third way of resolving the ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

Academic writing software

General-purpose word-processing programs are OK for academic writing. But I feel the experience can be much improved with some specialized software that takes better care of the special needs of ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

How to write a good paper review? [duplicate]

I just started my Masters in computer science, and I started working on a research project with one of my professors last term as a part of a class project for his class. In relation to that project, ...
2
votes
3answers
212 views

Boxplot whiskers for a journal publication using APA style guide

I want to submit a manuscript with a journal recommending the APA style guide for formatting. When looking at my boxplots, a colleague of mine wondered why the whiskers do not represent the 95% ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Starting a PhD unrelated to your degree [duplicate]

I am 27 years old and I finally decided that I want to follow my passion rather than working for some company doing work I am not passionate about. I own a Computer Science degree and I really find ...
27
votes
5answers
2k views

How to cite earlier work, discovered only at the end, that claims similar results to a recently completed project?

At the end of writing up our manuscript, we discover that there has been another earlier study in a very different context (but using a physical model very similar to ours) that claims a similar ...
5
votes
2answers
565 views

In a PhD dissertation, can one copy the structure of the acknowledgment section from their own or from someone else's prior work?

In the acknowledge of a thesis, we thank all the people who helped our research. E.g. "First of all I thank xxx, for xxx throughout my Ph.D. period." For my master thesis's acknowledge, I tried very ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

In a manuscript, how do you know when you need to source the brand and location for materials?

I'm writing my first manuscript and haven't received a lot of guidance on it. The journal that I plan on submitting to has an "Instructions for Authors" page, but I've scoured it and there is no ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

How to cite in-text same source multiple times (chicago style)?

is there a more economical way of citing something like this: In her essay titled “Electronic Literature: What is it?”, N. Katherine Hayles (2007) gives an account of the state of electronic ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

How are textbooks meant to be referenced?

I'm studying maths, and I've found it beneficial to write my notes as if I were writing a textbook for someone else's self study - forces me to understand the material to some extent. It's of course ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Proper notation to represent a set containing sequences of numbers for scientific papers?

I would like to include a set of numbers, which are composed of by multiple sequences, for example: {1,2,3,4,5, at steps of 1 ... till 100, 200, 500, then 1000, 2000, at steps of 1000 .... till ...
1
vote
1answer
205 views

Differences between the introduction of a sandwich thesis and a paper

I would like to know what are the main differences between the introductory part of a paper and of a thesis. My thesis would be a sandwich type, so I would have to wrap everything there. Some of the ...
0
votes
2answers
264 views

Is it legal to include another person's result in my research paper?

Is it legal to include another person's result in my research paper? For instance: Theorem (Name of the author): Statement Proof. The proof of this appeared in [1].
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Books/resources about how to write a good Thesis introduction

I would like to know if there is any reference book about this topic. I found the "They Say/ I say" book useful to write the Thesis discussion, but feel I need some guidelines on how to tackle this ...