Academic writing is intended for a critical and informed audience, based on closely investigated knowledge, and posits ideas or arguments.

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9
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1answer
101 views

What's the ethics of (paid) proof-reading college admission essays?

A friend of mine is looking for undergraduate or graduate students in the US to proof-read college admissions essays from high school students back in my home country. There will be pay, but the ...
-4
votes
0answers
104 views

Which tablets are most useful for academics? [closed]

Some or all of the following tasks are common to us in academia: Reading and annotating journal articles in PDF form (possibly using a reference software as well like Mendeley or Endnote) Reading ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

How to write and publish a literature review [closed]

In Computer Science, you find yourself overwhelmed by the huge number of literature available over a certain subject. I searched online on how to proceed and write a literature review (in a way that ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Is it plagiarism/OK if I use big parts of someones literature review for the introduction section of my paper?

The questions says it all. I have an report I want to write. The level expected is slightly lower than that of a master thesis. I do need to write an introduction to the topic and there is a very ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Is it appropriate to discussed a proposed method in the literature review or in methodology chapter?

I need some clarifications on where to put the proposed usability-evaluation method in my thesis. I have tried to improved upon the existing methods and came up with a new one, which will be validated ...
6
votes
5answers
338 views

Thesis writing; bottom up vs. top down

Situation: I’m completing a master’s degree in computer science. Currently, I’m at the final stage and finishing writing my thesis. Usually, similar theses in my institute have the following ...
20
votes
3answers
1k views

Collaborative paper-writing with non-LaTeX-using colleagues

Background: I work in a field where the use of LaTeX is common but still far from universal. So far I have been lucky in that all my coauthors in the past have been fellow LaTeX users, so ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

Resources/methods to teach how to perform research logically

Can you point me to resources (e.g. book, articles, etc.) or methods on teaching students how to think more logically/systematically about doing research? I've seen a number of intelligent graduate ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Is it appropriate to use active and passive voice together in abstract?

I am writing an abstract for my manuscript (with my mentor), and the abstract includes active and passive voices together, as below: "In the present paper, we have proved theorems dealing with matrix ...
6
votes
3answers
391 views

How to write proper nouns such as company names whose spelling is nonstandard in reports?

I am currently writing a paper on accessibility and I am talking about some companies in my report. How do I write a company name, product or otherwise when the word is not spelled correctly? For ...
11
votes
5answers
968 views

What are we expected to do when citing literature?

Open any research article and it is littered with citations. I’ve recently been wondering what is expected of us when citing the literature: Are we expected to cite every reference relevant to our ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

How to formally report database literature search results?

Years ago, I seen an interesting article that made reference to database search results. The author run a few queries through PubMed and reported on the number of records. This was a neat introduction ...
2
votes
2answers
30 views

APA citation: book versus electronic book

I obtain many of my reading sources from online, instead of form a hardcopy in the library, even for books or book sections. The APA citation requirements for citing printed books and citing e-books ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

How to write research results when some study participants dropped out?

The research (Delphi study) started with NN study participants in Round 1 (gathering demographics). Ten percent of the participants dropped out and did not complete Round 2 or (of course) Round 3. ...
4
votes
5answers
269 views

What is a good system for generating BibTeX reference keys?

When using a reference manager (or even when tracking references on a handwritten draft), it is common to have a key for each entry when referring to items, which the computer (or you in a final form) ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

How to cite sources written in a different language than English?

Assume one wants to cite a paper written in a different language than the article citing said paper (e.g., ones own article is written in English, but the source is French). How to properly handle ...
16
votes
3answers
475 views

How to refer to an author whose last name can be confused with a pronoun?

I am currently writing a research paper and am having an issue referring to an author of a paper whose name is "Dadi He". I know that it is common practice to refer to an author by their last name ...
8
votes
5answers
853 views

Is it acceptable to include footnotes in mathematical proofs?

When writing a technical article that includes mathematical proofs: Is it acceptable to have footnotes within the body of a formal proof (to elaborate/clarify non-essential points) or is the use of ...
19
votes
4answers
2k views

How should you refer to yourself in a paper?

When writing a paper that discusses previous work by the same set of authors, what is the correct way to refer to it? For example, "In 2012 Fred et al. introduced a third way of resolving the ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

Academic writing software

General-purpose word-processing programs are OK for academic writing. But I feel the experience can be much improved with some specialized software that takes better care of the special needs of ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

How to write a good paper review? [duplicate]

I just started my Masters in computer science, and I started working on a research project with one of my professors last term as a part of a class project for his class. In relation to that project, ...
2
votes
3answers
159 views

Boxplot whiskers for a journal publication using APA style guide

I want to submit a manuscript with a journal recommending the APA style guide for formatting. When looking at my boxplots, a colleague of mine wondered why the whiskers do not represent the 95% ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Starting a PhD unrelated to your degree [duplicate]

I am 27 years old and I finally decided that I want to follow my passion rather than working for some company doing work I am not passionate about. I own a Computer Science degree and I really find ...
27
votes
5answers
2k views

How to cite earlier work, discovered only at the end, that claims similar results to a recently completed project?

At the end of writing up our manuscript, we discover that there has been another earlier study in a very different context (but using a physical model very similar to ours) that claims a similar ...
5
votes
2answers
500 views

In a PhD dissertation, can one copy the structure of the acknowledgment section from their own or from someone else's prior work?

In the acknowledge of a thesis, we thank all the people who helped our research. E.g. "First of all I thank xxx, for xxx throughout my Ph.D. period." For my master thesis's acknowledge, I tried very ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

In a manuscript, how do you know when you need to source the brand and location for materials?

I'm writing my first manuscript and haven't received a lot of guidance on it. The journal that I plan on submitting to has an "Instructions for Authors" page, but I've scoured it and there is no ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

How to cite in-text same source multiple times (chicago style)?

is there a more economical way of citing something like this: In her essay titled “Electronic Literature: What is it?”, N. Katherine Hayles (2007) gives an account of the state of electronic ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

How are textbooks meant to be referenced?

I'm studying maths, and I've found it beneficial to write my notes as if I were writing a textbook for someone else's self study - forces me to understand the material to some extent. It's of course ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Proper notation to represent a set containing sequences of numbers for scientific papers?

I would like to include a set of numbers, which are composed of by multiple sequences, for example: {1,2,3,4,5, at steps of 1 ... till 100, 200, 500, then 1000, 2000, at steps of 1000 .... till ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Differences between the introduction of a sandwich thesis and a paper

I would like to know what are the main differences between the introductory part of a paper and of a thesis. My thesis would be a sandwich type, so I would have to wrap everything there. Some of the ...
0
votes
2answers
260 views

Is it legal to include another person's result in my research paper?

Is it legal to include another person's result in my research paper? For instance: Theorem (Name of the author): Statement Proof. The proof of this appeared in [1].
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Books/resources about how to write a good Thesis introduction

I would like to know if there is any reference book about this topic. I found the "They Say/ I say" book useful to write the Thesis discussion, but feel I need some guidelines on how to tackle this ...
1
vote
3answers
618 views

When can I make assumptions in scientific papers?

I would like to know if assumptions are accepted among the scientific community. especially in the field of theoretical computer science. To be more specific, is it OK to say something like: "The ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

How to cite a reference in another reference? [duplicate]

I am reading the literature review of an article and the review article mentioned that the second article found positive relationship. Now, should I cite both or just the second article that found ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Research Questions / Hypotheses for an Engineering (CS) Thesis

I am writing a PhD proposal on a solution to an AI problem that hasn't been solved before (although there's related research). I am having trouble determining what kind of research questions / ...
22
votes
9answers
1k views

How is a paper with multiple authors usually written?

I am attending graduate school this fall and one thing that I still could not wrap around my head is that some of the papers are written by seemingly a group of authors (5 people or more). I am ...
7
votes
1answer
240 views

Keeping track of definitions

I recently handed in my master's thesis (CS), and I did what you should not do for your own peace of mind's sake: I skimmed it again afterwards. I realized that I had not updated some statements to ...
-1
votes
2answers
198 views

How to structure of a Ph.D. sandwich thesis?

I would like to know the main structure of this kind of thesis. Although some guidelines can be taken from this post, additional details would be appreciated. When building the introduction, I feel ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Should the captions in a figure list include their references?

The "list of figures" page in my Masters thesis lists many figure captions. Some of these figure captions have references. Should I remove or keep the reference in the list of figures? Definitely the ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Is it a good idea to combine the glossary and the list of notations in a mathematical PhD thesis?

I am considering including a glossary and a list of notations in my PhD thesis on mathematics. Is it a good idea to write them separately or combine them? For example, a typical entry of the list of ...
8
votes
7answers
2k views

Expletives in academic writing for coursework?

I was just wondering if I should include an edited expletive in an essay I have to write for a Software Development class. I'm currently writing a paper about debugging techniques and I wanted to talk ...
5
votes
3answers
277 views

Should a figure/table go before or after the first paragraph that references it?

Should a figure/table go before or after the first paragraph that references it in an academic paper? I cannot find a definitive answer on this. The general advice is to place the figure/table as ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

How to rephrase this statement in a paper? “Due to a limited number of pages, …”

How do you say in your paper that "due to a limited number of pages allowed, I'm not going to discuss the details how and from where this equation is derived..." It is a conference paper, and they ...
21
votes
6answers
3k views

How detailed should proofs be in a mathematical PhD thesis?

I heard this suggestion from a mathematics professor: In writing a mathematical Ph.D. thesis, it is far more tolerable to be tediously-lengthy than having a gap in the proofs. I think what he means ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

Is there any term that describes the main example that goes through the entire research paper?

One of the comments I received on my journal paper was that it lacks a "running example": the paper would benefit much from a running example that could be used in the introduction to motivate the ...
16
votes
3answers
727 views

How to decide the appropriate level of explanation for math in academic papers?

In any academic paper dealing at least in part with math, the authors have to make a choice how much explanation to actually give the math. It can range from pretty much no explanation: Given a ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

Running out of Algebraic Symbols

I'm currently writing my thesis in computer science. My work contains a large amount of equations to do with linear algebra, data transformations and calculus. On receiving feedback on my first draft ...
-1
votes
1answer
201 views

Is putting the statement/conclusion first considered to be cliched?

This question was inspired by the following comment by Johanna on another question: I just had to say: including the idea "I believe I was born for scientific research" is a terrible idea. Did no ...
-1
votes
1answer
100 views

Do I need an introductory paragraph in SOP?

I'm about to write a SOP. I have sketched some points that I want convey through it, then I will develop them to their own paragraphs. Here they are: I believe that I was born for scientific ...
2
votes
1answer
189 views

Do references, notes, and tables count towards journal word count restrictions?

I'm preparing a manuscript to be submitted to a journal, but I'm struggling with the language used regarding the word count for this specific journal: The ___________is a peer-reviewed ...