Academic writing is intended for a critical and informed audience, based on closely investigated knowledge, and posits ideas or arguments.

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Citing line numbers of a one-page text in MLA format

Is it considered a valid MLA format for an in-text citation, where a work only has one page, to use the line numbers? Say, (LastName, AuthoredWork 2-3) for instance to cite the quoted lines 2-3 from ...
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3answers
102 views

How to shorten the list of authors in case of joint first authorship?

Articles often put a shortened list of authors at the top of the page (e.g., J Smith et al.). What is best in case of joint first authorship (for example: John Smith, Jane Doe, ... 5 more authors)? ...
3
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2answers
126 views

Is it bad style to use time-related adverbs (like “recently”) in academic writing?

I was going through my supervisors corrections and comments on a particular section of my thesis and I realised that he consistently removed words like "recently" when referring to literature, i.e. ...
5
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1answer
115 views

What are the pros and cons to writing the same paper in two languages?

I am a bilingual student and soon starting on thesis. I will be writing it in English although my native language is French and I am considering writing it in both languages so that the people closer ...
8
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2answers
975 views

Can I cite in a caption?

I am using an image from a users’ manual of a piece of software, and I was wondering if I can put a citation in the caption of the image. For example: Figure 1.3 Illustration of WonderSoft’s ...
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1answer
32 views

Double or single quotation marks non-obvious citation in citation?

My university’s guidelines about say that quotations in text should appear in single quotation marsks whereas when the writer quotes something in that paper and I am using it, I must use double ...
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1answer
108 views

Do I approach the journal editor before submitting my manuscript?

So, of course I do my homework trying to figure out which journal is appropriate for which kind of manuscript I've completed. And of course I read sample articles from that journal. After that, ...
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3answers
472 views

How to deal with a piece of text and materials that you do not consider essential?

How do you normally indicate a subsection, or a part of the text that it is not so important for the rest of text. Let me give an example: [...] This method uses ABC as a coefficient. ...
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2answers
250 views

Is it OK to have subsections with the same name?

One chapter in my thesis is going to have the following style: 3.1 Topic A 3.1.1 Problem Description 3.1.2 Proposed Solution 4.1 Topic B 4.1.1 Problem Description 4.1.2 Proposed Solution Is it OK ...
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1answer
82 views

How to reference observational evidence?

Talking about work practices at a business, and hearing first hand from the manager how the employees conduct their work - how can I reference this anecdotal evidence in an academic paper? ...
14
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1answer
1k views

How to reuse complete paper for my thesis?

I am currently writing my PhD thesis, and I have published an article together with my supervisor. The third chapter of my PhD thesis (1/3 of my whole thesis) is basically the paper. I plan to include ...
4
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4answers
275 views

At what stage should acknowledgements be inserted into the paper if review is not double-blind?

When the review process is double-blind, I guess (although I have not read this anywhere) that acknowledgements should not be written in the submitted paper, as this might break anonimity. They should ...
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4answers
221 views

How to formulate in academic writing when one comes up with a novel approach

In my project work I came up with a new method for solving a certain problem which has not been used before, by extending an already existing approach. What type of wording should I use in academic ...
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2answers
50 views

In APA, how should stylized business names be capitalized?

Numerous companies stylize their names or the names of products: adidas, eBay, iPhone...how should these be written (in APA style)? The pair of adidas shoes lasted longer than the pair from Nike. ...
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1answer
45 views

what to write in response to “I would appreciate your comments” if you have no comment [closed]

what to write formally in response to "I would appreciate your comments" if you have no comment
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1answer
126 views

What exactly is “quantification”?

As I’m writing my final words within a research paper, I was curious regarding the term quantification of results. Namely I’ve performed a correlation analysis in a quasi-experiment. The research is ...
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4answers
65 views

Where should I put the “Definition of concepts” section in a Research Paper

I'm writing a research paper and there are some concepts which I think would help a reader to understand the study better. However, I'm not sure where to put this section. Should I put it right after ...
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4answers
3k views

Use of words like “herein” in research articles

A colleague of mine recently used the word "herein" in a research article (of which I am a co-author) to mean essentially "in this paper". To me it makes the paper read more like a legal document than ...
6
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2answers
241 views

How can I adapt my scientific writing for the modern web?

Papers written for conferences and journals are today mainly available as PDFs. There are several usability issues with the PDF format, one of which is that it is not especially well suited for the ...
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1answer
36 views

Whether to italicise the name of government program in APA style?

I am writing a paper in APA about a government funded program. Do I italicize the name of the program?
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3answers
143 views

Aside from working on a manuscript, what activities can help improve scientific writing skills?

I have been out of school for 5 years. My previous writing experience was nearly 10 years ago as I completed a BA in 18th century literature of a foreign language, and a BA in cultural ...
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5answers
2k views

Is it bad form to use the word exciting in a paper, when discussing other people's results?

When writing a paper with a collaborator, they didn't like that I used the word "exciting" in the abstract since they said that they don't like when people use personal personal qualifiers in writing ...
2
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2answers
213 views

What is the difference between “introduction” and “motivation” sections

I am working on a paper about a web data extractor (an application, I developed based on a unique approach). In the introduction I had a short review on the history of such applications (from ...
4
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1answer
208 views

Top-down vs Bottom-up approaches in describing an algorithm in a research paper

When writing a (computer science) research paper, I have to describe my method in term in pseudocode. Because of readability and reusability, I want to break my method into smaller pieces. However, I ...
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4answers
64 views

How to title a report on a project that is not final

I thought about posting this in English.SE, but since it occurs in a university setting, I decided to post here - hopefully it's on-topic. I have been working on a project that is being transitioned ...
6
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5answers
260 views

How does one balance between working on a research problem and writing up the results?

I currently have two months before I have to submit my master's thesis (its a one-year program in the UK) and just finished data collection. Analysing the data is a time consuming process and I'm ...
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1answer
62 views

In APA style, How should rough financial numbers be written?

If I have approximately five million dollars, should it be written as such? Or is one of the following more appropriate? 5 million dollars $5 million $5,000,000 4.31e stipulates: Use numerals ...
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1answer
45 views

In APA style, what is the appropriate way to differentiate between two organization divisions that both have the word “and” in their names?

I am writing a paper in APA style. I am attempting to list two organization divisions of a library: Information Technology and Technical Services Academic Outreach and Services How do I write ...
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2answers
182 views

Start the PhD research before taking my masters?

I was thinking about getting my masters in November 2015 or May 2016 (An 18 month masters) but I was wondering if its possible to start my PhD research from now, I have an idea of what my research ...
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1answer
200 views

Why do some academic papers have sentence-cased titles?

I noticed that many academic papers that I cited in my thesis have sentence-cased titles, for example, this one "Comparative analysis using K-mer and K-flank patterns provides evidence for CpG island ...
3
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1answer
348 views

Trade-off between content and style

I am in the UK and I completed an undergraduate dissertation. In my dissertation I went much higher than my level. All the content in my dissertation was at a masters level and everything was ...
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2answers
98 views

Introducing the new writing method [closed]

I invented a new method to assist and semi-automate the writing process. I'm a PhD student. Since I need to add more papers to my CV I decided to teach some of my PhD student colleges the method and ...
0
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2answers
88 views

A software for learning common English words and phrases in scientific papers

Is there any English learning software which is particularly designed to enhance writing scientific papers? For example I noticed there are some common patterns, words and structure in papers (e.g. ...
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5answers
2k views

What are some good books to read in order to improve my academic writing?

So I am going to write my master thesis in psychology. It is expected to be of roughly publishable quality since I am a research master student. I always struggled with writing and am often ...
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4answers
2k views

How generous should I be with citations?

I am wondering if it is a bad thing to cite a paper in a scientific publication for a trivial or irrelevant reason. The specific instance I have in mind is the usage of certain terminology. I ...
14
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6answers
640 views

I'm looking for an application or workflow which integrates data values into the writing process

Currently, on all of my projects, I do my data analysis, create my figures, put them into a word document, and then I start writing. I say things like "We saw a 35% reduction in the effectiveness ...
3
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1answer
159 views

Search for a WYSIWYG, non-latex Online collaborative paper writing Tool

Is there a tool that is WYSIWYG and not latex (in fact any coding) base online (for ease of collaboration) Can write math equation Does line numbering Does equation numbering Google Doc is perfect ...
9
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1answer
147 views

What's the ethics of (paid) proof-reading college admission essays?

A friend of mine is looking for undergraduate or graduate students in the US to proof-read college admissions essays from high school students back in my home country. There will be pay, but the ...
2
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2answers
263 views

How to write and publish a literature review [closed]

In Computer Science, you find yourself overwhelmed by the huge number of literature available over a certain subject. I searched online on how to proceed and write a literature review (in a way that ...
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3answers
1k views

Is it plagiarism/OK if I use big parts of someones literature review for the introduction section of my paper?

The questions says it all. I have an report I want to write. The level expected is slightly lower than that of a master thesis. I do need to write an introduction to the topic and there is a very ...
0
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1answer
47 views

Is it appropriate to discussed a proposed method in the literature review or in methodology chapter?

I need some clarifications on where to put the proposed usability-evaluation method in my thesis. I have tried to improved upon the existing methods and came up with a new one, which will be validated ...
6
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5answers
430 views

Thesis writing; bottom up vs. top down

Situation: I’m completing a master’s degree in computer science. Currently, I’m at the final stage and finishing writing my thesis. Usually, similar theses in my institute have the following ...
22
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3answers
1k views

Collaborative paper-writing with non-LaTeX-using colleagues

Background: I work in a field where the use of LaTeX is common but still far from universal. So far I have been lucky in that all my coauthors in the past have been fellow LaTeX users, so ...
3
votes
2answers
85 views

Resources/methods to teach how to perform research logically

Can you point me to resources (e.g. book, articles, etc.) or methods on teaching students how to think more logically/systematically about doing research? I've seen a number of intelligent graduate ...
3
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1answer
93 views

Is it appropriate to use active and passive voice together in abstract?

I am writing an abstract for my manuscript (with my mentor), and the abstract includes active and passive voices together, as below: "In the present paper, we have proved theorems dealing with matrix ...
6
votes
3answers
499 views

How to write proper nouns such as company names whose spelling is nonstandard in reports?

I am currently writing a paper on accessibility and I am talking about some companies in my report. How do I write a company name, product or otherwise when the word is not spelled correctly? For ...
12
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5answers
1k views

What are we expected to do when citing literature?

Open any research article and it is littered with citations. I’ve recently been wondering what is expected of us when citing the literature: Are we expected to cite every reference relevant to our ...
3
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1answer
61 views

How to formally report database literature search results?

Years ago, I seen an interesting article that made reference to database search results. The author run a few queries through PubMed and reported on the number of records. This was a neat introduction ...
2
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2answers
37 views

APA citation: book versus electronic book

I obtain many of my reading sources from online, instead of form a hardcopy in the library, even for books or book sections. The APA citation requirements for citing printed books and citing e-books ...
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3answers
1k views

How to write research results when some study participants dropped out?

The research (Delphi study) started with NN study participants in Round 1 (gathering demographics). Ten percent of the participants dropped out and did not complete Round 2 or (of course) Round 3. ...