Academic writing is intended for a critical and informed audience, based on closely investigated knowledge, and posits ideas or arguments.

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How to formally report database literature search results?

Years ago, I seen an interesting article that made reference to database search results. The author run a few queries through PubMed and reported on the number of records. This was a neat introduction ...
2
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2answers
30 views

APA citation: book versus electronic book

I obtain many of my reading sources from online, instead of form a hardcopy in the library, even for books or book sections. The APA citation requirements for citing printed books and citing e-books ...
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65 views

Different types of gaps in knowledge [on hold]

Belcher 2009 identifies three different types of gaps in knowledge that research papers use to link their research to the literature: correction, extension and addition. I've been reading some ...
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3answers
1k views

How to write research results when some study participants dropped out?

The research (Delphi study) started with NN study participants in Round 1 (gathering demographics). Ten percent of the participants dropped out and did not complete Round 2 or (of course) Round 3. ...
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5answers
263 views

What is a good system for generating BibTeX reference keys?

When using a reference manager (or even when tracking references on a handwritten draft), it is common to have a key for each entry when referring to items, which the computer (or you in a final form) ...
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4answers
959 views

How to cite sources written in a different language than English?

Assume one wants to cite a paper written in a different language than the article citing said paper (e.g., ones own article is written in English, but the source is French). How to properly handle ...
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3answers
467 views

How to refer to an author whose last name can be confused with a pronoun?

I am currently writing a research paper and am having an issue referring to an author of a paper whose name is "Dadi He". I know that it is common practice to refer to an author by their last name ...
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5answers
842 views

Is it acceptable to include footnotes in mathematical proofs?

When writing a technical article that includes mathematical proofs: Is it acceptable to have footnotes within the body of a formal proof (to elaborate/clarify non-essential points) or is the use of ...
18
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4answers
2k views

How should you refer to yourself in a paper?

When writing a paper that discusses previous work by the same set of authors, what is the correct way to refer to it? For example, "In 2012 Fred et al. introduced a third way of resolving the ...
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6answers
2k views

Academic writing software

General-purpose word-processing programs are OK for academic writing. But I feel the experience can be much improved with some specialized software that takes better care of the special needs of ...
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0answers
36 views

How to write a good paper review? [duplicate]

I just started my Masters in computer science, and I started working on a research project with one of my professors last term as a part of a class project for his class. In relation to that project, ...
2
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3answers
119 views

Boxplot whiskers for a journal publication using APA style guide

I want to submit a manuscript with a journal recommending the APA style guide for formatting. When looking at my boxplots, a colleague of mine wondered why the whiskers do not represent the 95% ...
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0answers
31 views

Starting a PhD unrelated to your degree [duplicate]

I am 27 years old and I finally decided that I want to follow my passion rather than working for some company doing work I am not passionate about. I own a Computer Science degree and I really find ...
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5answers
2k views

How to cite earlier work, discovered only at the end, that claims similar results to a recently completed project?

At the end of writing up our manuscript, we discover that there has been another earlier study in a very different context (but using a physical model very similar to ours) that claims a similar ...
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2answers
433 views

In a PhD dissertation, can one copy the structure of the acknowledgment section from their own or from someone else's prior work?

In the acknowledge of a thesis, we thank all the people who helped our research. E.g. "First of all I thank xxx, for xxx throughout my Ph.D. period." For my master thesis's acknowledge, I tried very ...
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1answer
45 views

In a manuscript, how do you know when you need to source the brand and location for materials?

I'm writing my first manuscript and haven't received a lot of guidance on it. The journal that I plan on submitting to has an "Instructions for Authors" page, but I've scoured it and there is no ...
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0answers
44 views

How to cite in-text same source multiple times (chicago style)?

is there a more economical way of citing something like this: In her essay titled “Electronic Literature: What is it?”, N. Katherine Hayles (2007) gives an account of the state of electronic ...
2
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2answers
70 views

How are textbooks meant to be referenced?

I'm studying maths, and I've found it beneficial to write my notes as if I were writing a textbook for someone else's self study - forces me to understand the material to some extent. It's of course ...
2
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1answer
89 views

Proper notation to represent a set containing sequences of numbers for scientific papers?

I would like to include a set of numbers, which are composed of by multiple sequences, for example: {1,2,3,4,5, at steps of 1 ... till 100, 200, 500, then 1000, 2000, at steps of 1000 .... till ...
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1answer
174 views

Differences between the introduction of a sandwich thesis and a paper

I would like to know what are the main differences between the introductory part of a paper and of a thesis. My thesis would be a sandwich type, so I would have to wrap everything there. Some of the ...
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2answers
247 views

Is it legal to include another person's result in my research paper?

Is it legal to include another person's result in my research paper? For instance: Theorem (Name of the author): Statement Proof. The proof of this appeared in [1].
2
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1answer
74 views

Books/resources about how to write a good Thesis introduction

I would like to know if there is any reference book about this topic. I found the "They Say/ I say" book useful to write the Thesis discussion, but feel I need some guidelines on how to tackle this ...
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3answers
610 views

When can I make assumptions in scientific papers?

I would like to know if assumptions are accepted among the scientific community. especially in the field of theoretical computer science. To be more specific, is it OK to say something like: "The ...
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1answer
44 views

How to cite a reference in another reference? [duplicate]

I am reading the literature review of an article and the review article mentioned that the second article found positive relationship. Now, should I cite both or just the second article that found ...
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1answer
92 views

Research Questions / Hypotheses for an Engineering (CS) Thesis

I am writing a PhD proposal on a solution to an AI problem that hasn't been solved before (although there's related research). I am having trouble determining what kind of research questions / ...
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9answers
1k views

How is a paper with multiple authors usually written?

I am attending graduate school this fall and one thing that I still could not wrap around my head is that some of the papers are written by seemingly a group of authors (5 people or more). I am ...
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145 views

Keeping track of definitions

I recently handed in my master's thesis (CS), and I did what you should not do for your own peace of mind's sake: I skimmed it again afterwards. I realized that I had not updated some statements to ...
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2answers
185 views

How to structure of a Ph.D. sandwich thesis?

I would like to know the main structure of this kind of thesis. Although some guidelines can be taken from this post, additional details would be appreciated. When building the introduction, I feel ...
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1answer
67 views

Should the captions in a figure list include their references?

The "list of figures" page in my Masters thesis lists many figure captions. Some of these figure captions have references. Should I remove or keep the reference in the list of figures? Definitely the ...
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0answers
48 views

Is it a good idea to combine the glossary and the list of notations in a mathematical PhD thesis?

I am considering including a glossary and a list of notations in my PhD thesis on mathematics. Is it a good idea to write them separately or combine them? For example, a typical entry of the list of ...
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7answers
2k views

Expletives in academic writing for coursework?

I was just wondering if I should include an edited expletive in an essay I have to write for a Software Development class. I'm currently writing a paper about debugging techniques and I wanted to talk ...
5
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3answers
163 views

Should a figure/table go before or after the first paragraph that references it?

Should a figure/table go before or after the first paragraph that references it in an academic paper? I cannot find a definitive answer on this. The general advice is to place the figure/table as ...
8
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6answers
1k views

How to rephrase this statement in a paper? “Due to a limited number of pages, …”

How do you say in your paper that "due to a limited number of pages allowed, I'm not going to discuss the details how and from where this equation is derived..." It is a conference paper, and they ...
21
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6answers
3k views

How detailed should proofs be in a mathematical PhD thesis?

I heard this suggestion from a mathematics professor: In writing a mathematical Ph.D. thesis, it is far more tolerable to be tediously-lengthy than having a gap in the proofs. I think what he means ...
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2answers
130 views

Is there any term that describes the main example that goes through the entire research paper?

One of the comments I received on my journal paper was that it lacks a "running example": the paper would benefit much from a running example that could be used in the introduction to motivate the ...
16
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3answers
721 views

How to decide the appropriate level of explanation for math in academic papers?

In any academic paper dealing at least in part with math, the authors have to make a choice how much explanation to actually give the math. It can range from pretty much no explanation: Given a ...
16
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5answers
2k views

Running out of Algebraic Symbols

I'm currently writing my thesis in computer science. My work contains a large amount of equations to do with linear algebra, data transformations and calculus. On receiving feedback on my first draft ...
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1answer
199 views

Is putting the statement/conclusion first considered to be cliched?

This question was inspired by the following comment by Johanna on another question: I just had to say: including the idea "I believe I was born for scientific research" is a terrible idea. Did no ...
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1answer
96 views

Do I need an introductory paragraph in SOP?

I'm about to write a SOP. I have sketched some points that I want convey through it, then I will develop them to their own paragraphs. Here they are: I believe that I was born for scientific ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Do references, notes, and tables count towards journal word count restrictions?

I'm preparing a manuscript to be submitted to a journal, but I'm struggling with the language used regarding the word count for this specific journal: The ___________is a peer-reviewed ...
2
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1answer
94 views

Which elsarticle documentclass parameters in LaTeX should I use for different Elsevier journals?

So here is the thing, I recently submitted a paper to an Elsevier Journal (EJOR) and prepared it using LaTeX. I used the elsarticle documentclass that Elsevier provides. When doing this I tried to ...
4
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2answers
260 views

Should supervisors read acknowledgments before the printed version of the thesis?

I'm finishing my M.Sc. thesis and I sent it to my supervisors so that they can read it. In the final version, I would like to insert an acknowledgements page where I thank them. Should I include it ...
47
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11answers
4k views

How to make thesis-writing feel less tedious?

I'm about to finish my master's thesis on a TCS topic (algorithms). I'm quite happy with my results; the most engaging part of the thesis was grappling with getting up to speed on the state of the ...
5
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2answers
172 views

How cite sources of 100-years-old analytical technique in a theory section?

In my master’s thesis in inorganic characterization, I have a theory chapter about X-ray (powder) diffraction. This technique is almost 100 years old, and have been described in a vast number of ...
4
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5answers
1k views

Should you place accents on letters in academic writing in English?

Is there a standard practice in academic writing regarding the use of accented letters when the underlying language is English? I'm specifically thinking of the word naive, which often has a dieresis ...
3
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2answers
465 views

How to write an aside in a journal article?

So the question is simple: What is the common way of saying something in parentheses in a journal paper like engineering or mathematics. Assume you are talking about a mathematical approach, but in ...
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3answers
85 views

Use plural or singular first person in abstract of a talk on collaborative work?

When writing an abstract for a talk on a topic that I have collaborated on with others, should I be using the plural form, such as "We have shown this and that ..." or is it better to write it ...
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1answer
60 views

What to name a section at the end of thesis containing original material for future development?

I have written my master thesis. The last chapter is "Summary and Conclusions". After this chapter which ends the thesis, I want to add a specific note of my own. It is a new idea which needs lengthy ...
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4answers
345 views

Where to locate authors’ names in sentences?

Is it or is it not good practice to make an author the subject of sentences in a paper? When should their name be central, discreet, or absent in the sentence? Here are five variations showing ...
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1answer
105 views

What to do with an expository note

Mostly for fun, I've been working on an exposition about some ideas in my area of math (algebraic geometry). As far as I know there isn't any elementary introduction to this particular topic already ...