On the meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that academics encounter. Terminology can be broadly defined as the body of terms used with a particular technical application in a subject of study.

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1answer
55 views

What is the English term for a Belgian non-university higher education institution?

I graduated from what is known as a "Hogeschool" in Belgium. When trying to explain this term on English websites, I've always used the term "University College" or "College", However, I'm not sure ...
8
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2answers
936 views

What is a “service lecture”?

On a form for a job application, I am being asked to list, among others, what “service lectures” I have given. What exactly is meant by that? What does, or does not, count as a service lecture?
2
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2answers
167 views

Are PhD Students and PhD Researchers the same thing?

Similarly to how a Postdoc researcher is a researcher, I think that a PhD student should be considered a researcher. Especially when: A salary is obtained for the research that is done as part of ...
31
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7answers
4k views

Does “Science” encompass Mathematics?

Inspired by the question Does the term “science” encompass humanities and the social sciences?, I would like to ask a question that has been in my mind for decades. Does "Science" include Mathematics?...
17
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4answers
1k views

Does the term “science” encompass humanities and the social sciences?

I’m not a native English speaker and want to get a better grip on the nuances of the term science. In my native tongue, the word I’d use for science also refers to humanities and the social sciences. ...
5
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2answers
218 views

What is an “synthetic paper”

The Wikipedia page for “Curry–Howard correspondence” has a section on ”Synthetic papers”. What precisely is a synthetic paper?
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1answer
68 views

Fun experiment on memory: for data of one subject (myself), is there a name for it?

I'm doing a year experiment on memory and I'm the only subject. I will be done collecting data in 2 months. I've been using software to evaluate myself daily as I collect data. Is there a name in ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

What does “masters 2 level” mean?

I saw an offer in a research group described as 'Research position at master 2 level'. Can anyone clarify for me what that means? Is it a 2nd masters or anything else? Does it always need a masters ...
4
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2answers
92 views

Difference between bursary, scholarship and fellowship

What is the difference between bursary, scholarship and fellowship funding? Is a fellowship more prestigious than a scholarship which in turn is more prestigious than a bursary?
5
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2answers
429 views

Why do we call a research paper, a “paper”? [closed]

I am curious to know why we call a research paper, a "paper" in the singular form...? People put a huge effort in writing this "paper" ... when you talk to an outsider (non-academic) about a "paper" ...
2
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1answer
114 views

Alma mater and alumnus status when dropping out

Do dropouts have an alma mater and are alumni of the institution where they dropped out in the respective phase of their studies (undergraduate, master or doctorate)? Or are these terms only meant for ...
3
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1answer
259 views

What is the difference between credit hours carried and hours earned?

What is the difference between hours carried and hours earned on a college degree audit. For example, I have this: LSU Totals: 68 carr, 60 earn Cum Totals: 77 carr, 69 earn Can anyone explain to me ...
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3answers
46 views

“Areas” vs. “Themes” in the classification of a university’s topics

I am applying for a university, and on their website they have divided topics in “Areas” and “Themes”. For example, Areas contains Information Systems and Computer Science and Themes contains Big Data ...
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2answers
713 views

What do researchers mean by the “priority” of an idea?

I have heard the term "priority" used in regards to research ideas. For example, How does one determine priority, prominence, and impact with regard to books, rather than articles? asks about priority ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Doctorant (PhD student) vs doctorant contractuel (contractual PhD Student)

In the French education system, what is the difference between doctorant ("PhD student") and doctorant contractuel ("contractual PhD Student")?
66
votes
10answers
11k views

Is it plagiarism to reference a fictitious source?

I'm dealing with a student essay that references three books in support of a claim. None of the books referenced have authors listed, and, based on the contents of the student's essay, I can't find ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Terms for an PhD grant that covers everything

I am looking for the proper adjective that would carry the meaning that a grant for a PhD student covers everything (tuition fees, stipends, etc.). I believe one can use the expression "full grant", ...
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2answers
149 views

How do I explain to a student why departments that do similar things have seemingly different names?

I was asked by a potential PhD student why departments that do similar things as my department have different names. For example, some of the researchers who work in research areas that are similar to ...
5
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1answer
139 views

Why are some journals for research papers called “review”?

There are many journals from different fields feature the word review in their name even though they are mostly featuring research articles – and not review articles, book reviews or similar. Some do ...
1
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1answer
229 views

What is the difference between cumulative dissertation and regular dissertation?

The university is asking me whether or not my PhD thesis is a “cumulative dissertation”. I’m wondering what the difference would be for the university. By cumulative, do they mean stacking the ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

What is expected from a graduate-level term paper?

From what I have seen, many graduate level courses (in physics) in the US involve the submission of a term paper for a large percentage of the overall grade. Wikipedia talks about term papers as: ...
9
votes
3answers
192 views

Does a preprint include revisions made in response to peer review?

This is related to but not answered in this question about the difference between various stages of a manuscript in the publication process. After an author has submitted a manuscript to a journal ...
-2
votes
1answer
59 views

Comparing results of the same survey administered to two different populations. How to call it?

For part of my master thesis, I need to conduct a survey targeting academic experts. After evaluating the outcome of the survey, I need to compare the outcome to the outcome of another finished thesis ...
17
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8answers
3k views

What English expression resembles the German “Tutor”?

In Germany, it is common for students to hold “Tutor” positions, which entail a weekly teaching class (e.g., 90 minutes) and the correction of exercise sheets handed in by students. I would like to ...
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3answers
229 views

Is there a concept of qualification examination in U.S. Ph.D. programs and how does it relate to credit counting?

So far as I understand, Ph.D. programs in the United States have entrance requirements and exams, but when you enroll in one, you start process of becoming a "Ph.D. candidate" first, which in the end ...
2
votes
2answers
174 views

How do I express a degree on my CV that I have completed but have not been awarded?

I have completed all the requirements for an M.S. degree and have filed the appropriate paperwork. All I have left to do is walk at the end of this semester. I want to put this on my CV, but it seems ...
11
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7answers
3k views

What is a final undergraduate paper called in English?

Here in Croatia, when students are finishing their 3rd year of undergraduate courses, they usually write a paper called "Završni rad" (eng. Final Work/Project). I'm trying to communicate some things ...
2
votes
3answers
88 views

Term for reverse lookup of concepts

Suppose I have envisioned a concept that I am fairly certain has been explored before. I can describe its nature and its characteristics, but I do not know the formal name of the concept, nor its ...
6
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1answer
206 views

What does “archival quality” mean in the context of journal aims and scope?

What does "archival quality" mean in this context? Is it just a posh way of saying they only want a paper if it describes an important breakthrough? IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation ...
3
votes
1answer
219 views

What are “ad hoc” reviewers/referees for journals?

What are “ad hoc” reviewers/referees for journals? Is this a different role from (regular) reviewers/referees? If yes, how are they different? I see some people use the term ad hoc somewhere in the ...
6
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1answer
62 views

What is a “trade journal”?

I often encounter the expression "trade journal", but what is it exactly, and how does it differ from "academic journal" or "scholarly journal" or "scientific journal"?
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1answer
103 views

What is the difference between “methodology” vs. “originality of approach” when reviewing a paper

I was asked to review a paper with many attributes I should consider. More specifically, I was asked to review the “methodology” and “originality of approach and presentation”. What is the difference ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

What is a “residency requirement” in the context of Canadian and US PhD programs?

An acquaintance is planning to apply to law schools for a Ph.D in Canada. She is reading about the residency requirement and is sure that it means that she would have to live on-campus, possibly even ...
3
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1answer
187 views

What does the term POI mean in the context of graduate admissions?

I hear the term POI used in graduate admissions. What does it mean?
2
votes
1answer
138 views

What does “external reviewer” mean for a computer science conference?

I've seen the term "external reviewer" used in someone's CV for conference reviewing in computer science. Does this mean the person officially reviews the paper for the conference, or he/she gets a ...
2
votes
3answers
604 views

What are the differences between these kinds of articles: original, review, letter, and short communication?

I am interested in knowing, what are the differences between Original Paper, Review Paper, Letter and Short/ Rapid/ Brief Communication paper? Thanks to everyone for reading and taking the time for ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Biographical record…? What is it [closed]

"give a solid overall biographical record of your subject based on the book you have read. Be sure to include a brief synopsis of all of the high and low points and successes and failures of your ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

What are unique job titles in academia called?

Occasionally a university gives a famous professor a job title individually designed for that one person only. Thus: Donald Knuth is "Professor Emeritus of the Art of Computer Programming" at ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

What is the difference between a literature survey and a conceptual paper?

What is the difference between a literature survey and a conceptual paper?
1
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2answers
76 views

What is the difference between “enabling”, “remedial”, and “developmental” courses? [closed]

In particular, what differences are there in how these three things are taught? Is the terminology regional?
1
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0answers
31 views

Meaning of “graduate” [duplicate]

I am currently a student in a European university in the fourth year (first year of which is called "master"). On the Internet, it is said undergraduate students to refer to students in a bachelor. ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the scientific term for a “research gap”?

After I read about 40 papers in my research topic, I summarized 25 of them in my thesis, explaining methods used and solutions provided in the literature survey and literature-review sections. I found ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

What does “temporary faculty pool” mean? [closed]

I have seen university career postings for a “temporary faculty pool”. What does this term mean?
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Contribution vs Motivation

Can somebody explain to me what is the difference between contribution and motivation in any research paper?
3
votes
2answers
268 views

A term similar to “ABD” for PhD student who's completed all coursework but neither comprehensive exams nor dissertation?

Is there a term similar to "ABD" (All But Dissertation) that denotes a PhD student who has completed all coursework, but who hasn't taken comprehensive exams and of course hasn't done the dissertation?...
4
votes
1answer
494 views

Meaning of “Degree of approval” in a recommendation letter

Anybody knows what degree of approval means in a letter of reference? Emphatic Conditional Without concerns My friend has a letter of reference from her former lecturer, but those options were ...
4
votes
1answer
391 views

What is responsive mode in the context of research funding?

I'm about to finish my PhD in Northern Ireland, and I am looking into post-doc funding for the first time. Funders seem to use lots of unfamiliar words, and one that puzzles me is "responsive mode." ...
6
votes
4answers
570 views

What exactly is a research paper?

I have heard a lot about people doing research and writing papers about it, but I’m not sure in which cases the papers would be called a research paper. Here are a few hypothetical example cases I ...
7
votes
1answer
189 views

What is the difference between open access and open archive?

In Elsevier ScienceDirect search, there are two types of access type filters; Open Access articles and Open Archive articles. What is the difference between these two? Is there a notable difference ...
2
votes
2answers
171 views

Is “scribe” a pejorative or a neutral term?

In the US, instructors sometimes ask one or two students to take notes for a given lecture, in view of releasing the lecture notes later on for the rest of the class. Such students are sometimes ...