On the meaning or common understanding of words and concepts that academics encounter. Terminology can be broadly defined as the body of terms used with a particular technical application in a subject of study.

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8
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4answers
2k views

What does “masters 2 level” mean?

I saw an offer in a research group described as 'Research position at master 2 level'. Can anyone clarify for me what that means? Is it a 2nd masters or anything else? Does it always need a masters ...
3
votes
2answers
83 views

Difference between bursary, scholarship and fellowship

What is the difference between bursary, scholarship and fellowship funding? Is a fellowship more prestigious than a scholarship which in turn is more prestigious than a bursary?
5
votes
2answers
376 views

Why do we call a research paper, a “paper”? [closed]

I am curious to know why we call a research paper, a "paper" in the singular form...? People put a huge effort in writing this "paper" ... when you talk to an outsider (non-academic) about a "paper" ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Alma mater and alumnus status when dropping out

Do dropouts have an alma mater and are alumni of the institution where they dropped out in the respective phase of their studies (undergraduate, master or doctorate)? Or are these terms only meant for ...
3
votes
1answer
216 views

What is the difference between credit hours carried and hours earned?

What is the difference between hours carried and hours earned on a college degree audit. For example, I have this: LSU Totals: 68 carr, 60 earn Cum Totals: 77 carr, 69 earn Can anyone explain to me ...
0
votes
3answers
46 views

“Areas” vs. “Themes” in the classification of a university’s topics

I am applying for a university, and on their website they have divided topics in “Areas” and “Themes”. For example, Areas contains Information Systems and Computer Science and Themes contains Big Data ...
7
votes
2answers
698 views

What do researchers mean by the “priority” of an idea?

I have heard the term "priority" used in regards to research ideas. For example, How does one determine priority, prominence, and impact with regard to books, rather than articles? asks about priority ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Doctorant (PhD student) vs doctorant contractuel (contractual PhD Student)

In the French education system, what is the difference between doctorant ("PhD student") and doctorant contractuel ("contractual PhD Student")?
66
votes
10answers
11k views

Is it plagiarism to reference a fictitious source?

I'm dealing with a student essay that references three books in support of a claim. None of the books referenced have authors listed, and, based on the contents of the student's essay, I can't find ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Terms for an PhD grant that covers everything

I am looking for the proper adjective that would carry the meaning that a grant for a PhD student covers everything (tuition fees, stipends, etc.). I believe one can use the expression "full grant", ...
1
vote
2answers
146 views

How do I explain to a student why departments that do similar things have seemingly different names?

I was asked by a potential PhD student why departments that do similar things as my department have different names. For example, some of the researchers who work in research areas that are similar to ...
5
votes
1answer
134 views

Why are some journals for research papers called “review”?

There are many journals from different fields feature the word review in their name even though they are mostly featuring research articles – and not review articles, book reviews or similar. Some do ...
1
vote
1answer
226 views

What is the difference between cumulative dissertation and regular dissertation?

The university is asking me whether or not my PhD thesis is a “cumulative dissertation”. I’m wondering what the difference would be for the university. By cumulative, do they mean stacking the ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

What is expected from a graduate-level term paper?

From what I have seen, many graduate level courses (in physics) in the US involve the submission of a term paper for a large percentage of the overall grade. Wikipedia talks about term papers as: ...
9
votes
3answers
183 views

Does a preprint include revisions made in response to peer review?

This is related to but not answered in this question about the difference between various stages of a manuscript in the publication process. After an author has submitted a manuscript to a journal ...
-2
votes
1answer
54 views

Comparing results of the same survey administered to two different populations. How to call it?

For part of my master thesis, I need to conduct a survey targeting academic experts. After evaluating the outcome of the survey, I need to compare the outcome to the outcome of another finished thesis ...
16
votes
8answers
3k views

What English expression resembles the German “Tutor”?

In Germany, it is common for students to hold “Tutor” positions, which entail a weekly teaching class (e.g., 90 minutes) and the correction of exercise sheets handed in by students. I would like to ...
-5
votes
3answers
222 views

Is there a concept of qualification examination in U.S. Ph.D. programs and how does it relate to credit counting?

So far as I understand, Ph.D. programs in the United States have entrance requirements and exams, but when you enroll in one, you start process of becoming a "Ph.D. candidate" first, which in the end ...
2
votes
2answers
157 views

How do I express a degree on my CV that I have completed but have not been awarded?

I have completed all the requirements for an M.S. degree and have filed the appropriate paperwork. All I have left to do is walk at the end of this semester. I want to put this on my CV, but it seems ...
10
votes
7answers
3k views

What is a final undergraduate paper called in English?

Here in Croatia, when students are finishing their 3rd year of undergraduate courses, they usually write a paper called "Završni rad" (eng. Final Work/Project). I'm trying to communicate some things ...
2
votes
3answers
87 views

Term for reverse lookup of concepts

Suppose I have envisioned a concept that I am fairly certain has been explored before. I can describe its nature and its characteristics, but I do not know the formal name of the concept, nor its ...
6
votes
1answer
189 views

What does “archival quality” mean in the context of journal aims and scope?

What does "archival quality" mean in this context? Is it just a posh way of saying they only want a paper if it describes an important breakthrough? IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

What are “ad hoc” reviewers/referees for journals?

What are “ad hoc” reviewers/referees for journals? Is this a different role from (regular) reviewers/referees? If yes, how are they different? I see some people use the term ad hoc somewhere in the ...
6
votes
1answer
62 views

What is a “trade journal”?

I often encounter the expression "trade journal", but what is it exactly, and how does it differ from "academic journal" or "scholarly journal" or "scientific journal"?
-1
votes
1answer
96 views

What is the difference between “methodology” vs. “originality of approach” when reviewing a paper

I was asked to review a paper with many attributes I should consider. More specifically, I was asked to review the “methodology” and “originality of approach and presentation”. What is the difference ...
2
votes
1answer
194 views

What is a “residency requirement” in the context of Canadian and US PhD programs?

An acquaintance is planning to apply to law schools for a Ph.D in Canada. She is reading about the residency requirement and is sure that it means that she would have to live on-campus, possibly even ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

What does the term POI mean in the context of graduate admissions?

I hear the term POI used in graduate admissions. What does it mean?
2
votes
1answer
113 views

What does “external reviewer” mean for a computer science conference?

I've seen the term "external reviewer" used in someone's CV for conference reviewing in computer science. Does this mean the person officially reviews the paper for the conference, or he/she gets a ...
2
votes
3answers
358 views

What are the differences between these kinds of articles: original, review, letter, and short communication?

I am interested in knowing, what are the differences between Original Paper, Review Paper, Letter and Short/ Rapid/ Brief Communication paper? Thanks to everyone for reading and taking the time for ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Biographical record…? What is it [closed]

"give a solid overall biographical record of your subject based on the book you have read. Be sure to include a brief synopsis of all of the high and low points and successes and failures of your ...
2
votes
1answer
171 views

What are unique job titles in academia called?

Occasionally a university gives a famous professor a job title individually designed for that one person only. Thus: Donald Knuth is "Professor Emeritus of the Art of Computer Programming" at ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

What is the difference between a literature survey and a conceptual paper?

What is the difference between a literature survey and a conceptual paper?
1
vote
2answers
69 views

What is the difference between “enabling”, “remedial”, and “developmental” courses? [closed]

In particular, what differences are there in how these three things are taught? Is the terminology regional?
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Meaning of “graduate” [duplicate]

I am currently a student in a European university in the fourth year (first year of which is called "master"). On the Internet, it is said undergraduate students to refer to students in a bachelor. ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the scientific term for a “research gap”?

After I read about 40 papers in my research topic, I summarized 25 of them in my thesis, explaining methods used and solutions provided in the literature survey and literature-review sections. I found ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

What does “temporary faculty pool” mean? [closed]

I have seen university career postings for a “temporary faculty pool”. What does this term mean?
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Contribution vs Motivation

Can somebody explain to me what is the difference between contribution and motivation in any research paper?
3
votes
2answers
265 views

A term similar to “ABD” for PhD student who's completed all coursework but neither comprehensive exams nor dissertation?

Is there a term similar to "ABD" (All But Dissertation) that denotes a PhD student who has completed all coursework, but who hasn't taken comprehensive exams and of course hasn't done the ...
4
votes
1answer
438 views

Meaning of “Degree of approval” in a recommendation letter

Anybody knows what degree of approval means in a letter of reference? Emphatic Conditional Without concerns My friend has a letter of reference from her former lecturer, but those options were ...
4
votes
1answer
312 views

What is responsive mode in the context of research funding?

I'm about to finish my PhD in Northern Ireland, and I am looking into post-doc funding for the first time. Funders seem to use lots of unfamiliar words, and one that puzzles me is "responsive mode." ...
6
votes
4answers
565 views

What exactly is a research paper?

I have heard a lot about people doing research and writing papers about it, but I’m not sure in which cases the papers would be called a research paper. Here are a few hypothetical example cases I ...
6
votes
1answer
155 views

What is the difference between open access and open archive?

In Elsevier ScienceDirect search, there are two types of access type filters; Open Access articles and Open Archive articles. What is the difference between these two? Is there a notable difference ...
2
votes
2answers
171 views

Is “scribe” a pejorative or a neutral term?

In the US, instructors sometimes ask one or two students to take notes for a given lecture, in view of releasing the lecture notes later on for the rest of the class. Such students are sometimes ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between a Panel Study and a Cohort Study?

I am having a special subject named "Methodologies of Scientific Research" in which there is a reference on Panel Studies and Cohort Studies for conducting a longitudinal survey. I am confused to what ...
5
votes
3answers
365 views

Vertices & edges vs. nodes & links

I'm writing a paper on graphs. Personally, I've always disliked the vertices/edges terminology. I found it very confusing when I started working with graphs, and I much prefer the alternative names ...
3
votes
3answers
356 views

What is the name of the office in an institution where graduates and alumni are helped with employment?

When I went to college, I remember there was an office that would help students, graduates and alumni get their first job. What is that office called? P.S. If you feel the English Stack Exchange ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

What is the difference (if any) between a postdoctoral fellow and a postdoctoral intern?

Are "fellowship" and "internship" synonyms? Is there a different meaning in this language, between North America and English-speaking Europe?
21
votes
5answers
3k views

What does “auditing a course” mean?

I am visiting an American university for a year. In my invitation letter and further instructions, it is written that I can audit any course that I want (subject to the agreement of its professor). ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the equivalent of “good honors degree” in terms of universities in EU

The requirements for applying for a master's programme in National University of Singapore are stated as The candidates must possess: A good honours degree in computing; or A good ...
4
votes
3answers
181 views

Are scientifically detached professors referred to as ‘clinical’?

I have come across this term fairly often, where full/associate/assistant professors are referred to by the term ‘clinical’. Given that their departments had nothing to do with medicine, I thought the ...