On the moral code or ethical policy of academia, including values such as avoidance of cheating or plagiarism; maintenance of academic standards; and honesty in research and publishing.

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14
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2answers
2k views

Thanking a “shepherd” in acknowledgments

I often find in many conference papers submitted by US research groups that paper writers would thank their "shepherd" in the acknowledgment section. What is the exact contribution of a "shepherd" to ...
7
votes
2answers
208 views

Is it fine to make a poster on a topic in which I have an article under review?

Next week I am going on a summer school meeting where the organizers encourage us to bring a poster. I would like to make a poster on a topic that I have covered in an article that is currently under ...
53
votes
4answers
7k views

During review, I found a superior solution. What now?

I received a journal paper for a review. The paper suggests a solution to an important problem, but the solution is very complicated and has mediocre performance. While reading the paper, I thought of ...
3
votes
2answers
160 views

Is it ethical to post (part of) my research question on the internet?

I do research in math. A lot of times, I get stuck. I wonder if it's considered ethical to post questions on which I get stuck on internet sites, for example Math Overflow or Math Stackexchange. If ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

graduate student credit for work on a paper

I am a graduate student with a question about credit for work that I did. I contributed design, data collection, analysis and writing for a paper for which I am almost certainly not being credited as ...
22
votes
4answers
2k views

Is it ethical for a professor to get a graduate student to complete a manuscript peer review that the professor has been assigned? [duplicate]

Is it ethical to a professor to accept a manuscript for review, and then have a graduate student referee it? What about assisting as a referee? I understand that graduate students can be involved in ...
9
votes
2answers
945 views

Working in two research lab at the same time – unethical?

Is it unethical to work for two professors (two seperate research lab in two non-related fields) at the same time? I am an undergrad student currently working for professor A in a full-time research ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

Is it ethical to extract my contributions from a multidisciplinary collaboration ( & exclude my co-authors work )?)

I worked on a big report with a bunch of people (published online as an agency report). Can I extract my data and analysis from the report, expand on it, exclude what everyone else did, and publish ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Are Governement Open File Reports “published” online later published as journal articles considered a duplicate publication?

If a large agency technical report is published online, would a condensed journal article be considered a duplicate publication? Or would this be similar to publishing a chapter from a thesis as a ...
7
votes
1answer
134 views

When can I withdraw a paper accepted by a conference?

I recently got my paper accepted by a "look-descent" conference (indexed by ACM, a leading association in CS). Now, I am considering to withdraw the paper for some considerations, yet, need to know ...
-4
votes
2answers
473 views

Should I accept an incompletely answered multiple choice questionnaire?

I gave a multiple choice questionnaire as examination, without penalties for bad answers. Despite this, some students didn't answer some questions. They probably didn't understood that it was ...
6
votes
1answer
324 views

How should I credit a plagiarized paper in open source code?

Background: In order to form a body of work to show to prospective employers, I am implementing a genetic solver for the weighted maximum independent set problem. The code will be available on github ...
26
votes
1answer
536 views

Can authors from certain origins really not know about the gravity of plagiarism?

With respect to some cultures, in particular Asian ones, one often hears statements such as the following: In this country, copying is regarded as flattery and thus people do not know the evils of ...
15
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3answers
2k views

How can I re-use someone's mathematics thesis without plagiarizing?

I am writing a report for my master's research. One entire section of my report has been expertly written in someone else's PhD thesis, which happens to mostly take the form of a monograph on the ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

Sharing preliminary draft versions of papers with people in the field

I am a PhD student in mathematical economics and had an interesting idea last month. I modelled my idea and wrote it down. For the moment, it is a preliminary draft but I think my idea is pretty ...
2
votes
2answers
272 views

What else can I do if a journal editor ignores my report of plagiarism?

I am now drafting a complaint letter to the editor-in-chief of a technical journal, against an act of plagiarism committed by a famous researcher in my field. This researcher is apparently aware of my ...
26
votes
4answers
3k views

Is it unethical to take ideas from a pre-print to write your own research paper (though the author of the pre-print is acknowledged)?

One of my friends is in a very curious position. He has been researching on a number theoretic problem for months but couldn’t solve it until recently after he has seen a pre-print in arXiv which ...
6
votes
0answers
109 views

What role do universities play in weapon manufacturing, design and research for the military? [closed]

I was reminded of a conversation I had with a professor while I was searching for a book on weapon physics and design for an unrelated application in designing an online RPG game. It was during a ...
39
votes
11answers
6k views

Is it ethical to publish homework?

Sometimes when doing course work for university, I'd like to write about it on my website, or publish it in its entirety, because I think that other people might be interested in it. My goal is not ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

When is it wrong for students to ask about previous exams known to change?

Variation of When is it wrong to look at previous exams? Suppose students are taking a certain subject and are divided into classes A and B at different times but under the same professor. Say the ...
12
votes
2answers
683 views

Should I try to warn administration about truly unacceptable professor behavior?

I was kicked out of my lab late in my grad school career, which destroyed my confidence and obviously delayed my graduation by 2+ years. What's more, my advisor tried to convince me to drop out of ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

Is the title Ph.D. or Dr. meaningless in the sense that anyone can use it?

I know a businessman who has received a LOT of mileage off of using "Dr." and "Ph.D." with his name - in fact he puts it front and center. However, it turns out that he never had more than two years ...
15
votes
1answer
117 views

When writing a synopsis “review”, may I contact the authors with questions?

Please read the following background paragraph carefully to understand the meaning of "review" in this question - it may not be what you think. In particular, this is not a duplicate of Is it ...
11
votes
1answer
442 views

Under what circumstances is it beneficial for an advisor to seek sole authorship when their advisees deserve to be listed as co-authors?

I have seen several questions on this site which suggest that there are (presumably and hopefully rare) occasions where an advisor seeks to publish work as the sole author on a collaborative project ...
8
votes
2answers
760 views

How does a recognized and well-known Professor help his students in getting an academic job?

It is often told that working under big shots (I mean, recognized professors) in a particular research field is always beneficial on the way towards getting a faculty job in top research universities ...
20
votes
3answers
1k views

Is it ethical to explicitly or implicitly bias against student papers unless co-authored with senior researcher(s)?

A few days ago I was browsing open-access social-science journals and I found one ‘author guideline’ explicitly saying that they are accepting student submissions if and only if the manuscript is ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

On discrimination in retake exams

I'm experiencing a practice at my university where the overall number of students who would pass the exam is adjusted based on how many students passed the first exam, so the retake exam contains ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

Should a researcher share scientific ideas in a temporary position and are they entitled to recognition for doing so?

A postdoc joins a group with a good idea to work on, while no specific project was given to him by the PI. After recognising the potential of the idea, the PI decides to take PhD students to work on ...
25
votes
6answers
3k views

Can I serve as a reference for someone applying to fill my position?

I work as an administrator at a university and will soon be resigning from my position (the job has already been posted). A student who I formerly supervised is applying for my position and has asked ...
1
vote
3answers
164 views

How to explain to department's president that my time spent as an undergraduate assistant/intern was goalless?

This is a follow-up from my question here on my atrocious relationship with my internship/assistance as an undergraduate at a teaching lab. Since I only have some weeks left to end this awful ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Is reproduction of copyrighted material in a research proposal fair use?

Say that I am writing a grant application to be submitted to a funding agency. The application is not a public document and so it will be only accessible to the review panel, the collaborators ...
9
votes
1answer
126 views

What's the ethics of (paid) proof-reading college admission essays?

A friend of mine is looking for undergraduate or graduate students in the US to proof-read college admissions essays from high school students back in my home country. There will be pay, but the ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

May I reuse my own figure without coauthor's permission?

I'm writing an editorial and would like to use a figure that I published with a coauthor a few years ago. The copyright agreement (see #4) with the publisher allows the authors of the paper to reuse ...
3
votes
1answer
639 views

Is it OK to submit a paper without asking your former supervisor?

It has been nearly four months since I finished my Master's degree and I do not yet have any publications. Around this time last year, I and my two thesis advisors submitted a paper to a conference ...
3
votes
4answers
644 views

To what extent do the religious beliefs of an author affect a paper's chance of being accepted?

Implicit gender bias is present in academia (at least in the sciences). I've heard that some journals hardly accept any manuscripts written by Muslims. To what extent do the religious beliefs of an ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Can I have external people proof-read texts from teammates in a group project?

I'm attending a seminar, where we've been tasked to read some papers, extract information for them, and write an essay about our findings. The lecturer has teamed me up with two other students for ...
11
votes
5answers
587 views

A professor may have stolen an idea I discussed with him: how to proceed?

I'm really not sure how to proceed from here. I'm an undergraduate Computer Science student, planning to earn my MSc in the next couple of years. A couple of weeks ago, I spoke with a professor ...
73
votes
6answers
10k views

Is it ethical for a Professor to disseminate wrong answers online?

I recently took a class where the Professor created multiple online study guides, on popular student sites, which intentionally contained the wrong answers. He did this because his exams were based ...
66
votes
10answers
9k views

Is it ethical to limit marks based upon past performance?

A professor has a habit of starting oral examinations by asking for or looking up grade averages and grades from other subjects and then taking them heavily into account when evaluating the student in ...
25
votes
3answers
3k views

Is it OK to select an editor if I solved his conjecture?

I am about to submit a paper to a respected math journal. In this paper I solved a conjecture that was raised by a member of the editorial board (and this is one of the main reasons I chose this ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Etiquette for attribution when applying concepts in industry

I work as a software developer in industry, but I like to read various academic papers to get exposure to ideas that may benefit my work. I may not apply exactly the technique described in a single ...
34
votes
7answers
4k views

Is it fair to offer students a last-minute extension to finish a test?

A friend of mine who is a CS grad student at a US university took a class in which the students were given an extra hour on a two-hour exam. The trouble is that this offer was made in the last five ...
22
votes
3answers
4k views

A professor stole my topic. Now what?

After completing my dissertation proposal, I got data from a company for the idea. After that, I was searching my dissertation advisor. I talked with an assistant professor(A), and then he asked ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Is it okay to view my recommendation letter once I've been accepted at a college?

I had a really reputable person write me a recommendation letter for colleges. He told me that he wrote the best recommendation letter in his life. He told me that the recommendation letter hints that ...
4
votes
2answers
424 views

Is it okay to give a gift to my research mentor who happens to be the dean?

I'm about to graduate and would like to give my research mentor a book as a gift. It is common in my institute (which is in the US) to give professors gifts as students graduate. However, the problem ...
3
votes
1answer
240 views

In performing a comparison, how can I get authors to actually respond to a request for source code?

I'm doing my PhD in computer science and am working in computer vision. I have come up with an algorithm that my supervisors consider to be promising and publishable. It took me a long time to get ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

'Etiquette' of including course lecturer as author in a paper

Consider please the two following cases: I took a graduate course, and I naturally did the final project on something related to my research subject. I got a nice conclusion from it. It wasn't ...
2
votes
1answer
254 views

Is it ethical to present the same paper in two different conferences?

I want to know if it is ethical to present the same paper in two different conferences, where the conference that is to be held earlier does not publish in it any journal/conference proceedings, while ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Conference; withdraw submission before results notification

In conferences, especially in computer science domain; is it ethical, accepted and legal to withdraw a submission before the results notification/announcement? Anyway, what if it has been just ...
54
votes
9answers
15k views

Is it immoral to show new students how to use Wolfram Alpha?

Currently, I'm working as an assistant at the mathematics department of my university. My job consists of sitting for 20 hours a week in an office to which students come with doubts regarding all the ...