Conflict of interest exists when an author, reviewer, supervisor, or editor has financial or personal relationships that could inappropriately influence (bias) his or her actions (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties).

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Under what circumstances is there a conflict of interest for a researcher to be a reviewer of a submitted academic paper?

If I were asked to review a paper, under what circumstances would I be expected to decline out of a conflict of interest? Could I review a paper for someone... I have collaborated with N years ago? ...
11
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7answers
2k views

Review paper authored by a current collaborator

I have a simple question about a math paper, since I don't have a lot of experience in reviewing papers. I have currently received a request for reviewing a paper for publication. I would normally ...
21
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1answer
860 views

Conflict of interest: My research reflects badly on my PhD supervisor

I am in the final stages of writing-up my thesis. Unfortunately, my findings don't seem to reflect well on my supervisor. I have just had a key chapter returned with many comments like "rubbish", "...
4
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1answer
151 views

Is conflict of interest applicable for independent research?

How should I answer the conflict of interest question during submission of paper if I have worked independently without any funding agencies and as a sole author?
3
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4answers
148 views

Whom to suggest as an editor when submitting a paper?

Some journals let authors to suggest who should handle their submission. How should one choose the suggested editors? In my particular case, I struggled with selection because One of the possible ...
4
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2answers
76 views

Can you submit the same session proposal to two different conferences?

Each conference is on a different continent but is in the same discipline (A & H). If my proposal is accepted, I will be chairing both sessions but will obviously have different speakers. I am ...
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0answers
134 views

Can a MS thesis advisor require a conference publication as a thesis acceptance requirement?

Is it allowable and reasonable for an MS thesis advisor to require part of the thesis to be adapted for a conference paper submission (not an accepted publication) in order to accept the thesis? I ...
16
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2answers
276 views

Why are (university-) teachers also examiners at the same time?

For most university classes I have come across, the professor teaching the class is also responsible for making (and usually grading) the exam, or holding an oral exam. As far as I can tell this is ...
9
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4answers
290 views

Should I still submit a manuscript to a journal if a member of the editorial board is advancing a competing theory that is incompatible with my work?

I have completed (my first) manuscript, which falls well within the scope of a particular journal. However, a member of that journal's editorial board (or, to be precise, the editor's student) is ...
43
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5answers
6k views

What constitutes a declarable conflict of interest in gender studies?

From Wikipedia: A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial interest, or otherwise, one of which could possibly ...
41
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8answers
4k views

Ethics: Having students use my referral link for a product used in the classroom?

I was using a Web service I particularly like the other day, and noticed that they have a referral program. (More specifically, UsabilityHub, but the details of the service itself aren't important.) ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Acknowledge grants (which may indicate conflict of interest) in double blind review?

I have run into a bit of a double-bind for double-blind reviews as an editor. In short, the problem comes down to if reviewers should see an author's Acknowledgements section which cites the grants ...
38
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4answers
5k views

Is it ethical to give (paid) private tutorials for a student in a module I am TA'ing?

My TAing mostly involves helping students working on their programming assignments during classes. A student asked me to give him private, paid, tutorials for the module, being concerned that all '...
4
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3answers
140 views

Is it okay for a lecturer to set an assignment about the products of a company he works for?

I just found out that the lecturer of an undergraduate course I'm tutoring in has given the students an assignment to evaluate a product from the company he works for. To evaluate it, they need to ...
3
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2answers
183 views

Clear explanation of Conflict of Interest with examples in journal articles

Some journals require you to state the conflicts of interests (if any). According to the Wikipedia definition, A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is ...
15
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3answers
542 views

Is it a faux pas to offer a favor to a professor who has written you a letter of recommendation / served as a reference?

I have a long and very good relationship with a previous professor of mine. I took two of his/her courses in college, got A+'s in both, and spent hours chatting with him/her on various academic topics ...
13
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2answers
885 views

Paper review: The editor is from the same university as the first author and asking for a meeting

I was asked to review a paper for a rather important Journal in my field (engineering discipline). The editor (professor) who assigned the review to me is based at the same university as the first ...
29
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7answers
6k views

Is it ethical to offer a student a job during the final weeks of his thesis if you are partly grading it?

Our institute has an open position for a student research assistant where it is hard to find qualified applicants. Currently, I'm supervising a very good student who is in the final weeks of writing ...
7
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1answer
242 views

Researcher with Startup Company - Conflicts of Interest?

Looking for your advice on best practices on how to avoid conflicts of research. The facts: Researcher is a director of a research institute on campus. Researcher has a start-up company involved ...
13
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6answers
2k views

Is it appropriate for a student to have an advisor who is also a family member?

We know that family can have a lot of impact on academic direction of a student, but is it appropriate for a student to have a supervisor/advisor who is also a family member? For example, a dad might ...
2
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1answer
205 views

Is it mandatory to declare conflicts of interest?

I know some journals require authors to declare conflicts of interests as a matter of policy; even if there is no CoI, a section title Conflict of Interests is still included which declares that there ...
3
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2answers
183 views

What constitutes a conflict of interest by minimum?

When writing a scientific paper, one of the important sections to fill in are the possible conflicts of interest. Typically, I get to write The authors declare no competing financial interests. ...
25
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3answers
3k views

Is it OK to select an editor if I solved his conjecture?

I am about to submit a paper to a respected math journal. In this paper I solved a conjecture that was raised by a member of the editorial board (and this is one of the main reasons I chose this ...
12
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1answer
1k views

If a reference is applying for the same position, are they obligated to inform you?

If a reference applies for the same position do they have a professional obligation to inform you that they are applying for that same job?
10
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3answers
2k views

Can my PhD thesis supervisor be a reviewer for my paper?

I want to know whether my PhD thesis supervisor (with whom I have co-authored many papers) is allowed to be a reviewer for one of my journal submissions?
4
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2answers
390 views

Are you required to declare past conflicts of interest?

This question is triggered by the recent allegations about Willie Soon failing to declare conflicts of interest in his papers on climate change. It got me wondering about situations where an obvious ...
5
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3answers
157 views

Should researchers disclose their political interests in publications?

Scenario: A researcher, who is also a member of the political party A, investigated the impact (e.g. on public health) of specific actions or policies (e.g. strikes or health expenditure cuts) ...
15
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4answers
692 views

Professor wants to expropriate submitted code for commercial use

I'm a Computer Science graduate student enrolled in a US University. In a class I'm currently taking, the professor has just given us a strange assignment. The professor works full-time in industry ...
20
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4answers
3k views

Is it ethical for a student to edit the Wikipedia page of his advisor?

I have seen quite a few students editing the Wikipedia page of their advisors. I wonder what the view of the academic community are on this. There might be some conflict of interest since promoting ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Is it unethical to hire students for private consulting work?

As a faculty member, I tend not to involve students in any of my own consulting projects, but I often run into small units of work that would be great opportunities for students, especially ...
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2answers
224 views

Is there a potential problem where supervisor is close to someone working in similar area?

Is there a potential problem when an academic supervises a Ph.D. student in a very specific area in which someone close to them is also active and working (and supervising Ph.D. students who are ...
5
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2answers
466 views

How are letters of recommendation handled when they come from a member of the admissions committee?

I've asked three professors from the school I did my undergraduate studies at to write letters of recommendation for me. However, one of the schools I'm applying to is that same school. In other ...
11
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2answers
320 views

Are there situations where taking an honorarium for trying a textbook on a class is acceptable behavior?

A publisher for an e-textbook is offering me an honorarium if I try it with a class. My own ethical take on this is that I would not entertain this regardless of the size of the honorarium (which I ...
21
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1answer
511 views

How to become a whistleblower?

I used to work in a company that has close ties with the academia. One of the professors ("Dr A") wasn't/isn't using his funding properly by hiring his long-time girlfriend as his research assistant. ...
2
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1answer
863 views

On a Conflict of Interest disclosure, what's the difference between 'ongoing' and 'current'?

For an upcoming publication, the corresponding author has forwarded me the copyright release and conflict of interest disclosure form. On this form is a table to be completed regarding "Did you or ...
18
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2answers
1k views

University advocates for students facing academic misconduct charges

I sit on my department's academic misconduct committee. When students are suspected of academic misconduct they are invited to a meeting with the academic misconduct committee. The university polices ...
15
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5answers
1k views

Grant from private company - conflict of interest

If a private company provides a grant for some research to be carried out but is hoping for a particular outcome from the research in order to take certain business decisions, should this be described ...
34
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7answers
4k views

Must I decline to review a former colleague's work?

I have been asked to review a paper that I know to have been authored by a friend and former colleague. Is it my responsibility to inform the editor and decline to review the paper?
18
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4answers
3k views

Is there a conflict of interest when the supervisor and co-supervisor are husband and wife?

I have been co-supervised by my primary supervisor's wife. Suffice to say that this has been problematic where both have different research interests. Each asks me to do different jobs and they often ...
3
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2answers
151 views

How to leave a collaborator after being offered to join a new group?

How does one leave one collaborative group for another, prior to the start of the research? This relates to switching project teams for graduate course work, switching research labs, or basically ...
10
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2answers
906 views

Is it ethically problematic for an internal candidate to attend the job talk of a candidate for the same job?

I noticed that my university has been considering "internal" candidates more strongly for permanent faculty positions. These are candidates who have received their masters degree and/or a PhD at the ...
11
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2answers
226 views

Are there widely accepted rules related to union officers being on faculty senate?

The faculty senate at my school recently took a position on a professional issue that was highly confrontational toward the administration. After union negotiations resulted in a pay raise, the senate ...
10
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3answers
393 views

Submit a paper to a conference where co-authors are in the committee?

I recently read a paper whose co-authors are found in the conference committee. Although they are not in the executive committee, they are in organizing committee and all the committee people know ...
7
votes
2answers
841 views

Dealing with consulting agreements where NDA conflicts with research interests

I am a computer science doctoral student working on machine learning (ML) research. Meanwhile, a startup approached me to consult/advise them in areas related to algorithms in ML. Needless to say a ...
7
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1answer
663 views

Is it ethical for a part-time professor to use his position for other interests?

There is a professor who works part-time at a university as a moderator of one of their student groups. He does not teach any actual classes but spends a hugely considerable amount of time with the ...
15
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2answers
512 views

Do journal editors disallow paper from college X to be reviewed by someone from college X?

What is the general opinion among editors about whether my paper should be submitted to review to academics from the same University/department? Will this ever happen? If it does happen, isn't this ...
13
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2answers
938 views

Student and advisor applying to same job - conflict of interest with recommendation letter

I'm currently a Ph.D. student. I'm applying for a post-Ph.D. faculty job, and so is one of my two Ph.D. co-advisors. I think we have a good relationship, and I am thrilled they are applying, and truly ...
47
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5answers
9k views

Are relationships allowed between students and faculty?

What sorts of restrictions do universities place on romantic or sexual relationships between faculty and graduate students, and what are the underlying issues that motivate these restrictions? For ...
14
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1answer
223 views

Conflict declaration in reviews

Consider the following scenario: A is working on a problem X and has unpublished new material. A is then asked to review a paper: upon reading the abstract, A realizes that the authors are ...