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Or just city in some formats? I mean, I could maybe guess why it was marginally helpful a century ago, but why now? What use is it for my reader to know that a book I'm citing was published in Berlin, Boston, and Fresno, or more to the point, that the nearest city to me where a certain book was printed years ago happens to be Fresno? If the point is to look up the book, wouldn't the ISBN be far more useful?

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marked as duplicate by EnergyNumbers, scaaahu, Pete L. Clark, ff524 May 26 at 5:32

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I wonder about this as well. –  Suresh May 25 at 23:06
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Some of us don't. –  JeffE May 26 at 0:47
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Versions published in different countries can differ - it's not uncommon for books to be published in one version in the US/Canada, and slightly differently elsewhere. Even a minor difference like binding could conceivably affect page references, so it's important to be clear in that sense. There's also a wider principle of redundancy; if the author does get some part of the citation wrong (say, misspells the author's surname) the more information included in the rest of the citation the better the reader has a chance of recovering the actual item.

With regard to why we use human-meaningful information rather than details like an ISBN, I would venture that dense information like an ISBN is actually quite difficult to read for a human; it's easy for the author to mistype the number when producing the bibliography, and then easy for the reader to mistype it when looking up the reference. It's comparatively harder to get details like publisher name and city wrong. If I'm looking through a bibliography or list of references I much prefer to see information I understand than a collection of opaque numbers.

Having said the above, I'm sure to a large extent it's an historical tradition that has persisted. Certainly before the development of international reference standards like the ISBN system the above arguments held even more weight, and in the days of much less extreme globalisation the various global offices of major publishing houses were much more autonomous. It might conceivably have been quite a different undertaking to be published by, say, Oxford University Press in Oxford rather than Oxford University Press in New York.

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Unfortunately, journals often add a city without regard to where the book was actually published. As I recall, I've had a paper where all the European-published books and conference proceedings I cited were credited to the US operations of Springer and so on... –  David Richerby May 26 at 1:13
    
As per the human errors: you can use DOI to get automatically the .bib citation with all the information, so there is no risk of mistyping. stackoverflow.com/questions/10507049/get-metadata-from-doi (in the comments). –  Davidmh May 26 at 6:14
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