I came across yet another infogram, originating from this Nature article, showing the top-40 countries in terms of scientific publications produced for 2011.
The data are based on publications from Thompson Reuters/Web of Science. Similar data are available from Scimago (spanning 1996–2012).
Presented this way, there's some "bias" towards countries with a larger population. I was thus wondering if statistics on the number of scientific publications per capita was available for countries?
... just out of curiosity.